Precautions for heritage to be a driver for regional development: A critical review of related principles manifested in the ICOMOS charters from a development perspective
Park, Sohyun (2012) Precautions for heritage to be a driver for regional development: A critical review of related principles manifested in the ICOMOS charters from a development perspective. In: ICOMOS 17th General Assembly, 2011-11-27 / 2011-12-02, Paris, France. [Conference or Workshop Item]
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Abstract (in English)
The notion of heritage as a driver for regional development seems trendy and acceptable these days, and there appear to be successful cases, in which heritage plays a major role in regenerating historic communities and old quarters. Promoting heritage as a catalyst for development, however, tends to obscure critical issues of existing preservation principles, which need to be conditioned beforehand. Conventional principles for heritage conservation, which are promulgated in such forms as the ICOMOS charters, do have certain conflicting points with development practices, due to the inherent conceptual differences between preservation and development. Development itself used to be viewed as threats to heritage, and to a certain degree, this notion is still legitimate. Then, in order to advance heritage as a driver for regional development, it is necessary, as preconditions, to clarify the values and strategies of desirable development, which could coexist with conventional principles of heritage conservation. This kind of examinations should precede any articulation of heritage tactics that entice development. From a perspective of recent development ethos, this paper scrutinizes critical preservation principles, manifested in the ICOMOS charters for the past forty years. From the early Venice Charter (1964) up through the recent Charter on Cultural Routes (2008), this paper conducts a content analysis of twenty three ICOMOS documents. The goal is to provide a set of precautions in promoting heritage as a driver for development, which, hopefully in the future, could contribute to constructing a new ICOMOS charter for regional development with heritage.
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