Meeting point of the dead and the alive: Discovering the symbols of national consciousness and funeral culture - Transmitting the spirit of the space thru the reconstruction works of the mausoleums of Hungarian historcal person’s.

Jelenik, Katalin (2008) Meeting point of the dead and the alive: Discovering the symbols of national consciousness and funeral culture - Transmitting the spirit of the space thru the reconstruction works of the mausoleums of Hungarian historcal person’s. In: 16th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Finding the spirit of place – between the tangible and the intangible’, 29 sept – 4 oct 2008, Quebec, Canada. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

It was a challenge to find and visualize the spirit of the end of 19th cen-tury during the architectural reconstruction of the mausoleums of Batthyány Lajos - the first Hungarian prime minister – and Deák Ferencz – who was the Sage of the Country at the reform period.The applied fea-tures on the „buildings” are based on the forgotten cultural and historical symbols of the 19th century.Historical background: In Hungary the War os Independence started in 1848. After the defeat of the War the prime minister Batthyany Lajos was wxcecuted.The Settle-ment of 1867 secured the autonomy of Hungary. The negotiation was as-sisted by Deák Ferenc.The purpose of mausoleums builders: Both mausoleums were built by public subscription. The national conscioucness, the honouring were manifested in the outlook of the buildings. Funeral symbols on the mausoleums: Mausoleum as a type uf funeral building, obelisk, angel, genius, lion, floral tribute, sarcophagus, palm branch, candelabrum, the four principal virtues, spinning wheel, soap bubble, laurel wreath. Symbols of the national consciousness: Historical and mythological allegory are on the walls. Justice, Prudence, Science, and Intemperance rounded by the well-known politicians, and the main groups of the society represent the historical spirit of that era. Other símbols: The historical citations on the wall, the sculptor of the historical person, the count’s coat of arms, the national coat of arms. These symbols and figures were well-known. Now we have to find the material and immaterial tools to force the visitors to be sensible this spirit. The reconstruction of the two mausoleums uncovered these ancient spi-rits, and now they can express the honour of the nation for the history and these historical persons.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Jelenik, KatalinUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: mausoleum; funeral culture; reconstruction; intangible heritage; Batthyány Lajos; Deák Ferencz; symbols
Subjects: O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 01. Generalities
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 03. Monuments
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 09. Historic buildings
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2008, 16th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2010 10:00
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:12
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/118

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