Eco-plasters revive the plasterwork techniques of the past

Salavessa,, Eunice , Fernandes, Lisete and Duarte, Ana Maria (2012) Eco-plasters revive the plasterwork techniques of the past. In: ICOMOS 17th General Assembly, 2011-11-27 / 2011-12-02, Paris, France. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Current debates about environmental degradation owing to excessive use and dilapidation of nonrenewable resources by the modern construction industry, have led to recent researches about building materials and traditional art of building, to meet sustainable contemporary constructive alternatives. This study is inspired by a revival of traditional plasterwork and outlining developments in plastering; it includes descriptions of old and new techniques and alternative materials, such as industrial wastes with potential for use in decorative plasters. Its main purposes are to evaluate, by laboratorial tests: 1) the advantages of using the industrial waste product of transformation of ornamental stone instead of sand to get a plaster with better performance, as those plasters recommended in historic construction treatises; 2) investigate the decorative potential of optical glass fibers in translucent plasterwork, in contemporary architecture.

L’actuel débat autour de la dégradation de l’environnement par l’industrie du BTP en raison d’un usage excessif et d’une dilapidation de ressources non-renouvelables a alimenté de récents travaux de recherches sur les matériaux de construction et l’art de bâtir traditionnel, dans le but de trouver des alternatives de construction contemporaines et durables. L’étude s’inspire du phénomène de renouveau des enduits traditionnels et se base sur les nouveaux développements en la matière ; elle comporte des descriptions de techniques anciennes et modernes et présente certains matériaux alternatifs, tels que les résidus industriels utilisés en tant qu’enduits décoratifs. Les principaux objectifs sont de démontrer, via des tests en laboratoire : 1) les avantages à tirer de l’utilisation à la place du sable de déchets industriels issus de la transformation de pierres ornementales, afin d’obtenir un enduit plus performant que ceux recommandés dans les traités historiques de construction ; 2) les avantages à incorporer les déchets issus de la découpe de la fibre de verre dans les enduits décoratifs modernes, afin de produire des pièces fines mais très résistantes pour des applications architecturales ; 3) examiner le potentiel décoratif de la fibre de verre optique dans la réalisation de panneaux d’enduit transparents dans l’architecture contemporaine.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Salavessa,, Eunice eunicesalavessa@sapo.pt
Fernandes, Lisete lisfernandes@gmail.com
Duarte, Ana Maria afrancisco@lnec.pt
Languages: English
Keywords: Environmental deterioration; Modern construction; Buildings; Building materials; Tradittional art of building; Sustainable development; Plasterwork; Contemporary art; Stone; Traditional techniques; Techniques; History; 19th; 18th; analysis; Methodology
Subjects: C.ARCHITECTURE > 01. Generalities
C.ARCHITECTURE > 02. Building typologies
C.ARCHITECTURE > 04. Building materials
C.ARCHITECTURE > 05. Building techniques
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 01. Generalities
G.DETERIORATION > 01. Generalities
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2011, 17th
Depositing User: Mrs Lucile Smirnov
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2012 17:23
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2012 17:23
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URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1183

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