Tourism and Development: Angkor’s Away

Delanghe, Philippe, Peou, Hang , Lloyd, Georgina , Mackay, Richard and Sullivan, Sharon (2012) Tourism and Development: Angkor’s Away. In: ICOMOS 17th General Assembly, 2011-11-27 / 2011-12-02, Paris, France. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Angkor is a national icon that is part of the Cambodian sense of identity as well as a spiritual landscape in which Khmer people have lived for generations. Angkor’s landscape, monuments and traditional cultural practices are important to contemporary communities and to the future of the Angkor World Heritage site and the Cambodian nation. Paradoxically, as the effective combined efforts of the Royal Cambodian Government and international community have seen the Angkor World Heritage Site removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger, awakening of the global community to the wonders of Angkor has given rise to new threats from an ever-increasing wave of visitors and associated development pressures. However, tourism development may also present an opportunity for the site, its people and the national economy. With the support of UNESCO and the Governments of Cambodia and Australia, work has recently commenced on the preparation of an ‘Angkor Heritage Management Framework’. The work will build on the considerable achievements of APSARA (the Authority for the Preservation and Safeguarding of Angkor and Surrounding Areas) in this area to date. The framework recognises that managing heritage at Angkor is about managing tourism – so as to assess risks, conserve tangible and intangible values, enhance visitor experiences and guide development in a way which respects and provides opportunities and benefits for the thousands of Khmer for whom Angkor is a sacred place, a special home and a dramatic symbol of nation.

Angkor est une icone de la nation cambodgienne qui fait partie intégrante de l’identité du pays, et représente un paysage spirituel habité par le peuple Khmer depuis des générations. Les paysages, monuments et pratiques culturelles traditionnelles d’Angkor sont d’une grande importance pour les communautés environnantes, et essentielles à l’avenir du site Patrimoine mondial d’Angkor ainsi qu’à la nation cambodgienne. Paradoxalement, tandis que les efforts conjoints du gouvernement du Royaume du Cambodge et de la communauté internationale ont permis de faire retirer le site d’Angkor de la liste du Patrimoine mondial en péril, la prise de conscience globale des merveilles que représente Angkor a entrainé de nouvelles menaces liées à un afflux de visiteurs toujours plus important et aux nouvelles pressions en termes de développement que cela induit. Toutefois, le développement touristique représente également une chance pour le site, ses habitants et l’économie du pays. La préparation d’un Cadre de gestion du patrimoine d’Angkor a récemment débuté avec le soutien de l’UNESCO et des gouvernements cambodgiens et australiens. Ce travail s’appuiera sur les réalisations considérables de l’APSARA (Authority for the Preservation and Safeguarding of Angkor and Surrounding Areas, l’autorité pour la préservation et la sauvegarde d’Angkor et de ses alentours) sur ce territoire. Le Cadre reconnaît que gestion du patrimoine signifie gestion du tourisme. Il propose d’évaluer les risques, de préserver les valeurs matérielles et immatérielles, d’améliorer l’expérience de visite et d’orienter le développement de façon à respecter le site, afin que celui-ci devienne une source d’opportunités pour les centaines de Khmer pour qui Angkor est à la fois un lieu sacré, un foyer et le symbole d’une nation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Delanghe, Philippep.delanghe@unesco.org
Peou, Hang hangpeou@yahoo.com
Lloyd, Georgina georgina.lloyd@sydney.edu.au
Mackay, Richard richardm@gml.com.au
Sullivan, Sharon UNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: Landscapes; Monuments; Traditional architecture; World heritage sites; World heritage list; Threats; Management; Intangible heritage; UNESCO; Development; Tourism; Cambodge; Angkor
Subjects: H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 28. World Heritage
I.CULTURAL TOURISM > 04. Sustainable tourism
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 01. Generalities
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 03. World Heritage List
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 01. Generalities
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Angkor World Heritage site (WHC 668)
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2011, 17th
Depositing User: Mrs Lucile Smirnov
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2012 17:50
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2012 17:50
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URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1211

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