Reconquering democracy through cultural and natural heritage in Chile

Gonzalez Muzzio, Claudia, Rozas Vidal, Claudio and Flores Ortiz, Álvaro (2018) Reconquering democracy through cultural and natural heritage in Chile. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

During Pinochet’s dictatorship, most of civil society and community organisations were restricted or banned, causing disaffection of citizens from public life and limiting social relations among neighbours. In addition, after the restoration of the democratic system, deepen neoliberal policies continued to promote individualism and lack of participation. However, during the last decades, and particularly after the earthquake and tsunami occurred in 2010 in Chile, several community organisations emerged to promote, recover and protect their local cultural heritage as an essential component of their identity. Beside the recognition of the risk faced by cultural and natural heritage due to its exposure to natural hazards, people have become aware about other hazards – even more dangerous-, including bureaucracy, gentrification, real estate speculation, lack of modern regulations, lack of incentives to protect heritage buildings, energy generation or mining projects, etc. Some communities have organised themselves to rebuild traditional adobe houses, some others to protect their neighbourhoods from the construction of high buildings -forcing changes in urban regulations-, and others are managing to promote traditional knowledge, the recovery of traditional construction techniques and intangible heritage, as well as to protect threatened natural heritage. Communities and other civil society organisations are not only safeguarding their own heritage but also making others in society aware about the importance of heritage for sustainable development, and for protecting and strengthening local identities. At the same time, people in different rural and urban areas have recovered previously lost social ties and have rebuilt their sense of space and belonging, creating and strengthening social capital, thus increasing their resilience and promoting sustainable development.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Gonzalez Muzzio, ClaudiaUNSPECIFIED
Rozas Vidal, ClaudioUNSPECIFIED
Flores Ortiz, ÁlvaroUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: participation; community; social capital; empowerment; local; cultural heritage; organisations; sustainable; development; identity; Chile
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 05. Legislation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
G.DETERIORATION > 05. Prevention of deterioration
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 01. Americas
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2018 17:26
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2018 17:26
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URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1943

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