Examining the impact of urban transformations on traditional crafts and skills: Case of Amritsar’s historic core

Niyati, Jigyasu (2018) Examining the impact of urban transformations on traditional crafts and skills: Case of Amritsar’s historic core. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

[img]
Preview
PDF
49._ICOA_1602_Jigyasu_SM.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (678kB) | Preview

Abstract (in English)

Investing in the intangible heritage reflected in the oral traditions, social practices, rituals, festivals, and skills to produce traditional crafts contribute towards social and economic wellbeing of the communities and improvement in their overall quality of life. In the context of urbanization that is often uncontrolled, the historic areas undergo transformations that include destruction of built heritage as well as loss of social structure and traditional economic organization. While there is focus on the physical fabric, the present urban conservation processes in India place relatively lesser emphasis on retaining the communities who are the main casualty of these changes and whose sustainability often rests on traditional skill based livelihoods. The historic area of Amritsar is an urban ensemble anchored around Sri Harmandir Sahib; the holiest shrine of Sikhs. The layout of the historic core and its built fabric, social organisation of the neighbourhoods, festivals and rituals, and various traditional crafts such as Phulkari, Jutti, metal work such as Thatera, Sikligar, Judau, Pottery, Terracotta, Durrie, Galeecha, Woolen Handloom and Accessories such as Paranda are rooted in the distinctive culture and milieu of the region. Preliminary studies of the area show neglect of the built heritage, changing socio-cultural dynamics and vanishing traditional crafts and livelihoods. At times, only selective crafts having tourism potential get more prominence unlike those that are more intimately connected to various sections of the community. Though one can see some market demand of Phulkari embroidery owing to its popularity among tourists, lesser known craft traditions like utensil making by Thateras, weaponry by Sikligars, Durrie and Galeecha making, Nada making are declining. The paper critically analyses the impact of the physical, social and economic transformation processes in the historic urban area of Amritsar on the community based crafts that have long contributed to their sustainability. Methodology of study would include analysis of empirical data on communities and their crafts at neighbourhood level, collected through semi structured interviews as well as participatory observations. Based on the research findings, various strategies for sustainable regeneration of historic urban areas will be suggested.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Niyati, JigyasuUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: Community; sustainability; urban transformation; social structure; traditional economic organisation; destruction; conservation; India
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 02. Urban planning
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
I.CULTURAL TOURISM > 04. Sustainable tourism
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 05. Traditional craftsmanship
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2018 15:03
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2018 15:03
References: CRCI, “City HRIDAY Plan for Amritsar”, Prepared by CRCI (India) Pvt. Ltd. in consortium with IPE

Global Pvt. Ltd. For National Institute of Urban Affairs and Ministry of Urban Development December

2015 pp 50-80

PIPLANI, Navin. “Challenges and Potentials for World Heritage Involving Communities Case Study: Taj

Mahal, India” In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Involving Communities in World

Heritage Conservation – Concepts and Actions in Asia, Buyeo, 10-12 September 2012. Paris: UNESCO

(2012) pp. 99-109

http://www.cohands.in/handmadepages/book60.asp?t1=60&lang=English

UNESCO AND UNDP (2013) Creative Economy Report 2013- Special edition; widening local

development pathways

UNESCO Intangible cultural heritage website available at https://ich.unesco.org/en/traditionalcraftsmanship

Vanina Eugenia (2004)Urban Crafts And Craftsmen In Medieval India: (Thirteenth-Eighteenth

Centuries)Published by Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt.

Mumford L. (1937). ‘What is a city?’ Architectural Record, 82 (November): 58-62.

The Master Plan for LPA Amritsar, 2010-2031(2011) Punjab Govt Gazette notification 2011 prepared by

Sai consortium engineers private limited.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1970

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Metadata

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

© ICOMOS
http://www.international.icomos.org
openarchive(at)icomos.org