Real Illustration of Continuity in Human Fishing/Hunting Cultures from Past to Present - introduction about the conservation of stone tidal weirs at Taiwan

Kuo, Chijeng and Li, Chocheng (2018) Real Illustration of Continuity in Human Fishing/Hunting Cultures from Past to Present - introduction about the conservation of stone tidal weirs at Taiwan. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Stone tidal weir is a traditional kind of stone trap made for fishing. Its prototype was a curved U or V-shaped underwater stonewall laid within the intertidal zone. Sea animals could be brought into the trap when the tide came up and left inside the trap as tide dropped. It’s a specific kind of human landscape which could be found only if stones could be easily obtained at some shingle or coral reef beaches. In Asia, the stone tidal weirs just existed in some parts of Korea, Thailand and western Kyushu, Okinawa, Yaeyama, Quanzhou, and Taiwan. At Taiwan, this way of fishing was assumed practiced by the Docas family of the Pinghu people of early Taiwan. As it was bearing wave erosions twice a day, its construction deserved more efforts in regular maintenance than any other similar stone-laid walls like terraced fields. Not just inexhaustible stones in hand, but sufficient labour which could spontaneously be obtained by tacit understanding are key factors for these kinds of construction to be built and sustained. Consequently, the sharing of the trapped-fishing was based on each household’s contribution in initial construction and sustaining maintenance, the consensus in sweat-equity. Therefore, anywhere if the tidal stone weir existed and could still function well, it could be regarded as a kind of human landscape which manifested the genuine social production of fishing. At Penghu Islands and Houlung, the shingle coast section of Taiwan some stone tidal weirs still existed and functioned-well under regular maintenance by the government. Their existences witnessed the sweat-equity consensus associated with segmentedownership, periodical fishing right, maintenance-responsibility and the labour contribution during initial construction. Even existing, they are all under severe risk and sustainable management planning is urgent and necessary. This paper proposed to make a brief introduction about Taiwan’s tidal weirs’ restoration and maintenance which is trying to keep the real illustration of continuity of local fishing/hunting cultures.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Kuo, ChijengUNSPECIFIED
Li, ChochengUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: sweat-equity; conservation management planning; stakeholder participation; sustainable development; local communities; stone tidal weir; fishing; local culture; intangible heritage; crafts; traditions; know-how; Taiwan; restoration of cultural heritage; Underwater Cultural Heritage; maritime heritage; sea
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 17. Intangible cultural heritage
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 06. Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 10:04
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 16:06
References: Lin wen-zhen (2017): General Investigation of the Stone Tidal Weir Cultural Assets,

Masataka TAWA (2010): Stone Tidal Weirs of East Asia in Transition, Jimbun ronkyu, 59(4), P.95-107

(2010-02-20).

Asahitaro Nishimura (1981): Maritime counterpart to megalithic culture on land, La pêche traditionnelle

en Océanie, P.255-266.

Zayas, N. Cynthia (2001): Describing Stewardship of the Common Sea among Atob Fishers of the Pacific

Rim Islands : Cases form the Philippines, Taiwan and Japan.

Masataka TAWA (2002): 石干見研究ノート:伝統漁法の比較生態

Chen Meng-lin (1771): Annal of Chuluo County.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1973

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