Antarctica: Human Heritage on the Continent of Peace and Science

Lintott, Bryan (2018) Antarctica: Human Heritage on the Continent of Peace and Science. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Antarctica is governed as a continent of peace and science by the majority of the world's nations through the Antarctic Treaty System. While the presence of humanity in Antarctica's hostile environment has been modest on the historical scale and numbers of people, it has been significant regarding human science, exploration and sacrifice. Today's Antarctic Historic Sites and Monuments (HSMs, 92 in total) range from former expedition and science bases, e.g. Scott's and Shackleton's huts, to memorials for those who have perished in the pursuit of scientific information, including three scientists of the Geological Survey of India (GSI) and a technician from the Indian Navy in 1990. Prior to the Antarctic Treaty (1959), territorial disputes in Antarctica – between competing claimant nations – resulted in defacing and damage of the remnants of other nations’ historic endeavours and bordered on armed conflict but the Treaty established peace in Antarctica. Historic Sites and Monuments were on the agenda of the first meeting of the Antarctic Treaty System, and this subject is an ongoing topic of interest. The presentation and paper will review the broader context in which Antarctic heritage is expressed through historic sites and monuments (outside of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee because Antarctica is not a state) and then consider the role of cultural heritage in preserving peace and avoiding conflict in Antarctica. In conclusion, a review of the current discussions within the Antarctic Treaty System about how to enhance the system of historic site and monument governance and management will be presented. This situation is a result of changing and multiple discourses regarding heritage values and management, a growing realisation that the current list of HSMs and the system of designation has its limitations, and the realisation that new developments are required to sustain and enhance the role, status and accessibility, especially digital, of Antarctic heritage.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Languages: English
Keywords: Antarctica; peace; international cooperation; chanllenge; nations; humanity; hostile environment; science; exploration; Antarctic heritage; Antarctic Treaty System
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 20. Polar heritage
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 02. International legislation
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 03. Arctic and Antarctic regions
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 10:04
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 16:12
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