Democracy, Knowledge, and Heritage Interface: The U.S. Heritage Programs

Elwazani, Salim and Sohoni, Ashutosh (2018) Democracy, Knowledge, and Heritage Interface: The U.S. Heritage Programs. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Heritage surpasses the singularity of buildings, sites, and objects to the plurality of cities, regions, and nations to address people’s shared memories, identities, and ambitions. So, by definition, heritage—tangible and intangible—is a construct of multiplicity, diversity, and inclusion. The value of heritage and its operational expression, conservation, may not be fully cultivated without attending to the egalitarian, peace inviting ideals embedded in its very definition. Scrutinizing heritage conservation programs through the democratic lens would summon conservation philosophy, policies, and standards to the review process. This paper addresses knowledge, and by extension, the human disciplines as a context for exploring the democratic strands in the heritage conservation field. Disciplines like politics, science, music, and medicine emanated from cumulative human experiences to ameliorate into frameworks of the human needs and societal accomplishments. Disciplines embody all things intertwined with our lives— necessities, actions, and aspirations. In this vein, disciplines and their offshoots—the professions and vocations—boost the themes around which the heritage theory and practice revolve. Recognizing the disciplines’ role as a framework for rights-based conservation actions amounts to a democratic stand, this study proposes that the status of the knowledge disciplines in the conservation philosophies and programs is an important indicator of democratic accommodation. This paper examines the democratic accommodation associated with the knowledge disciplines of the heritage conservation activity in the United States. While the principles and policies of the National Historic Preservation Program will be utilized to characterize democratic practices, the study will also reach out to the national preservation standards, guidelines, and strategies to the same end. The results of this paper will cast a light on the democratic accommodation in the American historic preservation program. This will render possibilities for re-alignment. The findings will further have implications on democratic scrutiny of counterpart international programs.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Elwazani, SalimUNSPECIFIED
Sohoni, AshutoshUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: peace; rights-based approach; cultural identity; democracy; cultural heritage; United States of America; National Historic Preservation Program; knowledge disciplines; conservation measures; USA; Interpretation; presentation; theory of conservation; philosophy of conservation
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 02. Theory and doctrinal texts
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 10. Education and training
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 03. Presentation
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 01. Generalities
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 01. Americas
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 13:05
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 14:46
References: Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (2016). National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 as

amended through December 16, 2016. http://www.achp.gov/nhpa.pdf. Accessed October 21, 2017.

American Architectural Foundation (2017). Save America’s Treasures: Impact and Lessons.

http://www.sr.ithaka.org/wpcontent/uploads/2017/10/SR_Report_Save_Americas_Treasures_092917.pdf.Accessed October 21, 2017.

NPS Heritage Documentation Programs. Competitions. https://www.nps.gov/hdp/competitions/index.htm.

Accessed October 21, 2017.

NPS (2007). Director's Order #75A: Civic Engagement and Public

Involvement.https://www.nps.gov/policy/dorders/75a.htm. Accessed October 26, 2017.

NPS Technical Preservation Services. Education and Training. https://www.nps.gov/tps/education.htm.

Accessed October 21, 2017.

NR Bulletin 15 (2002). How to Apply the National Register Criteria for Evaluation.

https://www.nps.gov/nr/publications/bulletins/nrb15/.Accessed October 14, 2017.

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October 21, 2017.

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21, 2017.

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https://www.nps.gov/nr/publications/sample_nominations/QuinebaughRiver.pdf. Accessed October 20,

2017.

NR Teaching with History. https://www.nps.gov/subjects/teachingwithhistoricplaces/index.htm. Accessed

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U. S. Government Publishing Office, PUBLIC LAW 113–287—DEC. 19, 2014.

https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-113publ287/content-detail.html. Accessed October 14, 2017.

Veld, R., ed. (2010). Knowledge Democracy – Consequences for Science, Politics, and Media.

Heidelberg, Springer.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1989

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