Community Activism in the Post Disaster Recovery of Cultural Icons in Christchurch and Kathmandu

Forbes, Cathrine (2018) Community Activism in the Post Disaster Recovery of Cultural Icons in Christchurch and Kathmandu. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

[img]
Preview
PDF
24._ICOA_993_Forbes_SM.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (903kB) | Preview

Abstract (in English)

This paper will explore the concepts of democracy and community activism, and their application to recovery of cultural heritage in the post disaster context. It will examine how the community uses democratic and other processes to ensure salvage, reconstruction and recovery of cultural heritage in the earthquake affected cities of Christchurch (New Zealand) and Kathmandu (Nepal). The paper will compare and contrast the different National approaches to cultural heritage protection and concepts of risk. It will also consider the different attitudes towards the value of cultural heritage as a contributor to: the community’s social, spiritual and psychological well being; its sense of identity and place; and the city’s future in the post disaster scenario. In the cases of both Christchurch and Kathmandu, local community members have banded together to seek particular forms of recovery and reconstruction for each of their city’s most iconic monuments, Christ Church Cathedral and Kasthamandap. The paper will outline each community’s concerns and their efforts: in one case to save a place of immense historic, aesthetic, spiritual and social significance from demolition; and in the other, to ensure that the lost structure is reconstructed fully in accordance with customary practice, following the traditional approach of cyclical renewal and reinstating the critical elements salvaged from the rubble. Reuniting the community through revitalization of seasonal maintenance festivals and reestablishment of the local community-based management system is seen as essential to the place’s sustainability into the future. The paper will illustrate the importance of iconic places to community identity and their sense of place, and the importance of community action in achieving the recovery of significant heritage places that are at extreme risk. In the process, if the community is successful, it can achieve some healing, but if not, the sense of loss, disconnection and disenfranchisement could be immeasurable.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Forbes, CathrineUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: community; rights; participation; identity; healing; recovery; activism; democracy; cultural heritage; disaster; earthquake
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
G.DETERIORATION > 04. Effects of deterioration
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2018 15:34
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2018 15:34
References: Cathedral Working Group. 2016. Cathedral Working Group Recommendation Report, prepared for the

Minister Supporting the Greater Christchurch Regeneration and the Church Property Trustees, November

2016

Christchurch Dilemas. 2017. Bowl it or rebuild?–The case for Reinstatement, 6.6.2017

[https://www.chchdilemmas.co.nz/2017/christchurch-cathedral/] [Accessed 10 October 2017]

Coningham, R., Acharya, P. K., Davis, C. and Kunwar, R. B. 2015. Post-Disaster Urban Archaeological

Investigation, Evaluation And Interpretation In The Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Property, Report

and Recommendations of a mission conducted between 5/10/2015 and 22/11/2015, UNESCO, Durham

University, 11/12/2015

Forbes, C. 2017a.Issues Paper: Post Earthquake Christchurch, New Zealand–Issues Associated with the

Protection and Recovery of Built Cultural Heritage, unpublished report prepared for Australia ICOMOS,

ICOMOS-ICORP, Blue Shield Australia, AIA, 31 January 2017

Forbes, C. 2017b.Sustaining Heritage in the Face of Disaster: The Importance of the Intangible–From

Nepal to New Zealand and Australia, originally presented at the Australia ICOMOS and National Trust

Conference: The People’s Ground, Melbourne, 4-8 October 2016; revised for publication in Historic

Environment, 2017.

Forbes, C. 2017c.What has Happened to My Heritage? Disaster Recovery in Christchurch and

Kathmandu, presented at the Australia and New Zealand Disaster and Emergency Management

Conference: Earth, Wind and Fire, Gold Coast, 22-23 May, 2017

Jing, F., Forbes, C. and Zhou, L. 2017.Report on the Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS/ICCROM

Reactive Monitoring Mission to the Kathmandu Valley (Nepal, C 121bis), 20–25 March 2017, Mission

report to UNESCO World Heritage Committee, Forty-first session, Krakow, Poland, 2-12 July 2017

[online] [Accessed 20 July 2017]

NZ Herald. 2017.Quake-damaged Christ Church Cathedral to be restored, 9 September, 2017

[http://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11920249][Accessed 29 October

2017]

Rebuild Kasthamandap Facebook [https://www.facebook.com/rebuildkasthamandap/] [Accessed 30

October, 2017]

Rebuild Kasthamandap website [http://kasthamandap.org] [Accessed 3 October, 2017]

Restore Christchurch Cathedral Facebook, [https://www.facebook.com/restorechristchurchcathedral/]

[Accessed 18 October, 2017]

Restore Christchurch Cathedral website, [http://restorechristchurchcathedral.co.nz][Accessed 18 October,

2017]

Sinding-Larsen, A. and Larsen, P. B. 2016.Report: The Advisory Body “Our Common Dignity Initiative”

on Rights-based approaches in World Heritage: Taking stock and looking forward, IUCN, ICOMOS,

ICCROM, Norge ICOMOS
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1997

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Metadata

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

© ICOMOS
http://www.international.icomos.org
openarchive(at)icomos.org