THE ROYAL PLACAT OF 1666. BRIEFLY ABOUT BACKGROUND AND FURTHER IMPORTANCE

Adlercreutz, Thomas (2017) THE ROYAL PLACAT OF 1666. BRIEFLY ABOUT BACKGROUND AND FURTHER IMPORTANCE. In: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF HERITAGE LEGISLATION. BALANCE BETWEEN LAWS AND VALUES. International conference October 12-13, 2016 Niguliste Museum Tallinn, Estonia Conference proceedings. ICLAFI, ICOMOS Estonia, pp. 6-15. ISBN 978-9949-88-197-0 [Book Section]

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Abstract (in English)

The royal ”Placat” of 1666, issued by the governing council under the minority of King Charles XI Sweden, has in some circles in Sweden been hailed as ”the first antiquities legislation of the world”. Ironically, this is very much in keeping with theories, entertained by the 17th century academicians particularly at Uppsala University, that Sweden itself was also the origin of all civilisation. This extravagant notion has been fuelled both by Sweden`s military success in the Thirty Year`s War and by a very imaginative reading of the Old Testament, compared to remains and place names in Sweden. In the article, I shall endeavour to translate excerpts of the placat into modern English. I shall also look into preceding legal texts from other jurisdictions, and investigate possible similarities. Furthermore, I will look into the Swedish background to this document. An interesting trace is one leading to Rome, where the abdicated Swedish Queen Christina resided, still with many bonds to Sweden and her cousin`s dowager and their son, Charles XI, and his governing council. Finally, I shall try to evaluate the importance of the placat and summarise what happened afterwards.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Adlercreutz, ThomasUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: Heritage legislation; history of Conservation; national legislations; Sweden; Values; concepts; protection of cultural heritage; protection of archaeological heritage; historic surveys
Subjects: A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 07. History of conservation
B. ARCHAEOLOGY > 05. Archaeological research
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 03. National/Regional legislations
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Conservation Act of Sweden 1666
National Committee: Estonia
International Scientific Committee: Legal, Administrative and Financial Issues
Volume: 2016
ISBN: 978-9949-88-197-0
Depositing User: DR Riin Alatalu
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2019 10:21
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2019 14:34
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URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/2047

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