HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE TRANSPOSITION OF THE 1972 UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION IN THE NATIONAL LEGISLATIONS OF ITS STATES PARTIES

Gaillard, Bénédicte (2017) HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON THE TRANSPOSITION OF THE 1972 UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION IN THE NATIONAL LEGISLATIONS OF ITS STATES PARTIES. In: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF HERITAGE LEGISLATION. BALANCE BETWEEN LAWS AND VALUES. International conference October 12-13, 2016 Niguliste Museum Tallinn, Estonia Conference proceedings. ICLAFI, ICOMOS Estonia. ICLAFI, ICOMOS Estonia NC, Estonian Academy ofArts, Tallinn, pp. 57-63. ISBN 978-9949-88-197-0 [Book Section]

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Abstract (in English)

As of August 2017, the 1972 UNESCO World Heritage Convention counts 193 States Parties and can be consequently considered as one of the most universal treaties. This Convention aims to protect the cultural and natural heritage of humankind at the international level. To do so, the World Heritage Committee – a body of 21 States Parties to the World Heritage Convention elected for 4 years – decides yearly to inscribe new sites on the World Heritage List. The World Heritage Committee also reviews the state of conservation of the World Heritage Sites when they are endangered by threats such as armed conflicts, natural disasters, development projects, etc. It can decide to place a site on the List of World Heritage in Danger or to delist a site if it considers that the site has lost its Outstanding Universal Value, authenticity and integrity, based on which it had originally been inscribed on the World Heritage List. At the national level, the States Parties to the World Heritage Convention have rights but also obligations and responsibilities towards the Convention. After ratifying it, how do the States Parties transpose the World Heritage Convention in their national legislations? What are the direct and indirect legal effects? Is there a difference between centralised states and federal states? 45 years after the adoption of the 1972 UNESCO World Heritage Convention, this paper presents a historical perspective on the interpretation of this Convention in the national legislations of its States Parties. First, an analysis of the rights, obligations and responsibilities of the States Parties to the World Heritage Convention is elaborated. Then, a selection of case studies from different political systems permits to en- lighten the similarities and differences among the States Parties. Finally, based on these results some perspectives for the future use of the World Heritage Convention are elaborated upon.

Item Type: Book Section
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Gaillard, BénédicteUNSPECIFIED
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Alatalu, Riinriin.alatalu@gmail.com
Randla, Annelianneli.randla@artun.ee
Languages: English
Keywords: Heritage legislation; Conservation history; legal framework; national legislation; historic monuments; world heritage convention; International standards; conventions; world heritage list; national level; State Parties; case studies; Germany; Spain; France
Subjects: A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 07. History of conservation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 03. National/Regional legislations
National Committee: Estonia
International Scientific Committee: Legal, Administrative and Financial Issues
ISBN: 978-9949-88-197-0
Depositing User: ICLAFI ICOMOS
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2019 12:55
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2019 12:55
References: Albrecht, Eike and Bénédicte Gaillard. “Procedure for Delisting a Site From the World Heritage List: Is Delist- ing With Consent or Against the Wish of a State Party Possible?” Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Manage- ment 3 (1-2) (2015): 15-21.

Francioni, Francesco and Federico Lenzerini. The 1972 World Heritage Convention: a commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Gaillard, Bénédicte. Conflictive delisting process of a world heritage site in Germany: The case of the Dresden Elbe Valley. Ph.D. thesis, Brandenburgische Technische Universität, 2014. https://opus4.kobv.de/opus4-btu/files/3031/Bénédicte_Gaillard.pdf.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/2078

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