The Making of Place: Myth and Memory at the site of Tiwanaku, Bolivia
Friedman, Leslie A. (2008) The Making of Place: Myth and Memory at the site of Tiwanaku, Bolivia. In: 16th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Finding the spirit of place – between the tangible and the intangible’, 29 sept – 4 oct 2008, Quebec, Canada. [Conference or Workshop Item]
Abstract (in English)
The sacred site of Tiwanaku, Bolivia, the first major city-state in the Central Andes, has, for almost 3,000 years, been appropriated for various intents by the Inca, the Spanish, the Bolivian state, European travelers, spiritualists, and the indigenous Aymara people who claim the World Heritage site as their ancestral home. Investing the site with meanings, myths, memories, each group has created – or recreated – the spirit of the site of Tiwanaku. Today, the site of Tiwanaku continues to be a vortex of competing claims and a location for multiple intangible heritages, such as Aymara cultural ceremonies and modern music videos; a newlycreated solstice festival that is held yearly at the site; and, arguably, the rituals of archaeology and world heritage. This paper traces the making of place and heritage: how, from its inception through today, multiple histories and collective memories have physically altered the site of Tiwanaku, impacting its excavation, conservation, and presentation; and how intangible acts shape the tangibility of place.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Keywords:||archaeological site; World Heritage List; intangible heritage; spirit of place; cultural ceremonies; historical survey|
|Subjects:||M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 03. World Heritage List
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 01. Generalities
B. ARCHAEOLOGY > 02. Archaeological site and remains
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 04. Social practices, rituals and festive events
|Name of monument, town, site, museum:||Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture, Bolivia|
|UNESCO WHC Number:||567|
|ICOMOS Special Collection:||Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)|
|ICOMOS Special Collection Volume:||2008, 16th|
|Depositing User:||Jose Garcia|
|Date Deposited:||09 Sep 2010 07:36|
|Last Modified:||13 Jan 2011 19:12|
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