Precautions for heritage to be a driver for regional development: A critical review of related principles manifested in the ICOMOS charters from a development perspective

Park, Sohyun (2012) Precautions for heritage to be a driver for regional development: A critical review of related principles manifested in the ICOMOS charters from a development perspective. In: ICOMOS 17th General Assembly, 2011-11-27 / 2011-12-02, Paris, France. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

The notion of heritage as a driver for regional development seems trendy and acceptable these days, and there appear to be successful cases, in which heritage plays a major role in regenerating historic communities and old quarters. Promoting heritage as a catalyst for development, however, tends to obscure critical issues of existing preservation principles, which need to be conditioned beforehand. Conventional principles for heritage conservation, which are promulgated in such forms as the ICOMOS charters, do have certain conflicting points with development practices, due to the inherent conceptual differences between preservation and development. Development itself used to be viewed as threats to heritage, and to a certain degree, this notion is still legitimate. Then, in order to advance heritage as a driver for regional development, it is necessary, as preconditions, to clarify the values and strategies of desirable development, which could coexist with conventional principles of heritage conservation. This kind of examinations should precede any articulation of heritage tactics that entice development. From a perspective of recent development ethos, this paper scrutinizes critical preservation principles, manifested in the ICOMOS charters for the past forty years. From the early Venice Charter (1964) up through the recent Charter on Cultural Routes (2008), this paper conducts a content analysis of twenty three ICOMOS documents. The goal is to provide a set of precautions in promoting heritage as a driver for development, which, hopefully in the future, could contribute to constructing a new ICOMOS charter for regional development with heritage.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Park, Sohyun
Languages: English
Keywords: Cultural heritage; Protection of cultural heritage; Destruction of cultural heritage; Social and economic development; Regional development; Sustainable development; International organizations; Charters; Critical studies
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 03. Town and country planning
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
G.DETERIORATION > 05. Prevention of deterioration
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 01. Generalities
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 02. Agricultural heritage
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 12. Historic towns and villages
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 14. Historic urban landscapes
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 02. Economic impact of heritage
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 03. Economic values of heritage
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 05. International organizations
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 06. Doctrinal texts, conventions and charters
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2011, 17th
Depositing User: ICOMOS DocCentre
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2012 19:04
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2012 19:04

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