Sungnyemun: spiritual meaning for Koreans

Rii, Hae Un and Choi, Jae-Heon (2008) Sungnyemun: spiritual meaning for Koreans. In: 16th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Finding the spirit of place – between the tangible and the intangible’, 29 sept – 4 oct 2008, Quebec, Canada. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

Sungnyemun, National Treasure No. 1, was collapsed by an incendiary fire on 10th of February, 2008. Most Korean could not sleep and watch News over the night. Sungnyemun is the great south gate of the wall city of old Seoul in Joseon Dynasty (1392-1910). It is the oldest architecture in Seoul. The purpose of this paper is to examine the spirit and meaning of Sungnyemun for Koreans and conservation and reconstruction plans after the fire. After the fire, it became more popular visiting place by different purpose such as giving condolence to the gate and watching the reconstruction process for Korean. The government policy and people’s behavior for the conservation of cultural heritage have been changed after we lost the National Treasure No. 1. People realized Sungnyemun is not the simple gate and standing architecture, but it has the spiritual meaning.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Rii, Hae Un
Choi, Jae-Heon
Languages: English
Keywords: historic monument; fire damage; reconstruction; intangible heritage; spiritual values; spirit of place
Subjects: G.DETERIORATION > 06. Other
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 01. Generalities
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 09. Historic buildings
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Sungnyemun, Seoul, Republic of Korea
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2008, 16th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 17 Sep 2010 11:31
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:13
References: Ban, J-H and E.K. Park, 2002, A study on the architectural characteristics of Sungnyemun and Heunginjiun, P roceedings of Korean Architecture Society, 22(1): 273-276.

Lee, Kang-geun, 2002, A study on Sungnyemun(South gate of Seoul) about restoration, and the history of maintenance, Art lecture (Gangzamisulsa), Korean Buddhism Art Society, 19: 207-235.

Lee, Y.R. and N. C. Joo, 2003, A study on the constructive traits of Dapo building’s Kongpoes from late Koryo to early Chosun Dynasty, Journal of the Korean Architecture Society, 19 (8): 167-174.

Rii, Hae Un, 2008, Sungnyemun(The Great South Gate) in Seoul destroyed by fire, ICOMOS News, Vol. 17, No, 1, June, pp. 20-21.

Yoon, I. S., 2008, Meaning of conservation of urban cultural heritage after

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