Heritage values as a tool for promoting peace: the case of the modern architectural heritage in Cyprus

Siandou, Emilia (2018) Heritage values as a tool for promoting peace: the case of the modern architectural heritage in Cyprus. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Cyprus is currently facing the challenge of protecting and managing its modern architectural heritage. One of the most prevailing typologies of the local modern architectural production is schools. This paper presents the case study of school buildings in Cyprus constructed in the post war period, between 1945 and 1974. This time-frame covers two important periods of the twentieth century in the island: (i) the last fifteen years of the British colonial rule, 1945-1960, and (ii) the Independence period between the inauguration of the Republic of Cyprus and the island's division, 1960-1974. Recent scholarship has demonstrated that school architecture in Cyprus in the twentieth century constituted a form of representation of processes of colonialism and post colonialism, independence, nation building, conflict and that designers and policy makers historically have used this medium for the creation of rival images of the Cypriot identity. Over and above, schools became physically involved in the conflicts of the twentieth century in Cyprus. Schools of the twentieth century in Cyprus, by being explicitly involved in identity politics and conflict constitute a kind of contested heritage. In this context the mobilisation of modern schools as heritage in favour of the construction of a peaceful and democratic society presents many challenges. In light of a ‘new paradigm’ in the heritage field, heritage values have moved from the periphery to the epicentre of the heritage discourse. This paper argues that value based approaches present opportunities for tackling the challenges of contested heritage and mobilising heritage towards peace and reconciliation in conflict affected contexts. The opportunities were identified through the study of heritage policy documents and scientific publications on the subject of heritage values.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Siandou, Emilia
Languages: English
Keywords: Cyprus; modern architecture; Cultural identity; conflicts; school buildings; values; peace; management; post-colonialism; heritage values; public and civic architecture; 20th; conservation of modern architecture; conservation of cultural heritage
Subjects: C.ARCHITECTURE > 03. Styles of architecture
D.URBANISM > 05. Legislation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 13:06
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 14:43
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URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1986

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