La reconstruction du Centre Historique de Buda

Horler, Miklos (1967) La reconstruction du Centre Historique de Buda. Monumentum, 1 . pp. 25-52. [Article]


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Abstract (in English)

This article covers some of the principles, plans, and results of the reconstruction of the historic centre of the capital of Hungary. "Chapter I" gives a resumé of the most important items in the history of the city, outlining its importance, its historic and geographic characteristics. "Chapter II" explains the problem of reconstruction, beginning with historic data resulting from the development of the city, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, the town-planning data of its present condition. The historic data include : the historical importance of Ruda as the historic nucleus of the capital and its central situation, the ravages of World War II, and the change in its social system and social structure. Among the town-planning data are the following : the situation of the district in the structural whole of the capital, the network of streets, the lay-out and division of the land which has been preserved since the Middle Ages with few modifications, the disposition, the condition of housing, the situation of public services and public establishments. "Chapter III" gives information on the most important characteristics of the principles and methods of restoration. One of the most important principles is that the life of the city which has continued without interruption since the Middle Ages should go on, without its being treated as a "museum district", but organically integrated into the body of the present capital as a functioning district. Another fundamental principle for historic centres as well as for certain historic buildings, is that they should be kept as means of expressing the continuity of historical development and not only of a certain period. As for the integration of new elements into a historical framework : the protection of historic centres entirely expresses the opinions and needs of the present day. It is the opinion of to day's man that should be expressed in the solution of architectural tasks of the present day. What can be preserved where destroyed houses once stood is only the structure and morphological character of the city. "Chapter IV" concerns town-planning and reconstruction projects, and gives information on the methods of town-planning projects carried out up to the present. The detailed urban plan of the Historic centre of Buda has been based on the co-operation of architects, town-planners, archaeologists, and a large number of other specialists. Preliminary work was gotten under way in the early fifties and the plan was approved in 1958. The projection of the detailed town-plan prepared to a scale of 1 :100, and based on preliminary studies, provided a more than usually detailed solution of the architectural and town-planning problems of the district. The following supplements were added to the plan : the coherent surveying of the groundfloors of the whole district, to a scale of 1:100 , the surveying of the facades on all streets and squares to a scale of 1 :200 and the surveying of alI facades to the same scale, then, alter the usual town-planning studies such as that of the silhouette of the City and the view of the whole from the outside, of public lighting, of paving streets, etc. Finally, "Chapter V" gives an account of the most important results of reconstruction. The revivification and renewal of the city left in ruins alter the war has been a success. The historic district of Buda is, at the present day, a part of the city, organically integrated into the body of the capital. Its century-old houses provide, after reconstruction, the framework of moderm housing, to which a large number of cultural institutions, intimate restaurants and tourist attractions give a characteristic atmosphere.

Item Type: Article
Horler, Miklos
Languages: French
Keywords: historic town centre; reconstruction; urban development; urban renewal; town planning
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 02. Urban planning
D.URBANISM > 04. Rehabilitation
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 13. Historic town centres
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Budapest, Hungary
ICOMOS Special Collection: Monumentum (1967-1984)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: Vol. 1
Volume: 1
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2010 19:45
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:13

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