City of the Holy Spirit of Esparza, Costa Rica

Mesén, Carlos (2005) City of the Holy Spirit of Esparza, Costa Rica. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

Located in the Central Pacific Coast of Costa Rica, at 208m up the sea level the City of Espíritu Santo de Esparza is one of the oldest Cities founded in Costa Rica, December 1574 by Diego Artieda de Chirinos native from Esparza de Salazar, Navarra, Spain who also founds the Port of Caldera. Inside town the main monuments where the Convent of San Francisco and a small Church that survived up to 1800. Today the Main Church is one of the most important monuments of the city likewise the Cemetery and other symbolic buildings. Esparza and the Port of Calera where united to the Real Intercontinental Route of Central America who run from the Capital of Costa Rica in the middle of the country to Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala at the North. Thrue the Port of Caldera it was supplyed consumer goods, during the Spanish Colonial period and historically this Port is an important meeting points of different cultures (Spaniards, Chinese, Italians) during the Railroad construction in the latest XIX Century. The main Chinese emigration came to Costa Rica by the Port of Puntarenas near the Port of Caldera and Esparza. the Chinese communities settle in Puntarenas and surroundings are today part of the intangible and crossbreeding heritage of Costa Rica specially all this area.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Mesén, Carlos
Languages: English
Keywords: historic towns; cultural route; historic monuments
Subjects: H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 07. Cultural routes
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 09. Historic buildings
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 12. Historic towns and villages
Name of monument, town, site, museum: City of Esparza and Ports of Caldera and Puntarenas, Costa Rica
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2010 14:52
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2023 14:50

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