Advocacy of Vista-Heritage. The important role of viewing to mountain forsetting in Japan

Akasaka, Makoto (2005) Advocacy of Vista-Heritage. The important role of viewing to mountain forsetting in Japan. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

The Shakkei (Borrowed Scenery) in japanese garden is an essencial type of setting. Through the garden space (the near distance) we can see the shape of mountains (the distance) over there. Then the shape of mountains becomes a part of scenery of that garden. The setting is a selected combination of some elements in landscape. The scheme of setting was prefered often in landscapes of Ukiyoe-art (Japanese prints). The scheme of setting was a motif for Katsushika Hokusai and later Andou Hiroshige in 18th~19th century. I would like to advocate “Vista-Heritage” by introducing of three different issues on settings of viewing to mountains in Japan. 1. In an east direction from World Heritage Shuri-Castle(Okinawa, Japan) there is a religious hill for dynasity named “Bengatake”. From that hill we can see the mountain “Sukunamui” to the direction of the other World Heritage “Seifa-Utaki”. The presence of Bengatake is a very important connecting point. But it is excluded from heritage area and the buffer zone. 2. There were many viewing points to Mt.Fuji named “Fujimi-zaka” in Tokyo (Edo). Because of increasing of highrises Fujimi-zaka are vanishing. Nowadays there is only one Fujimi-zaka in center part of Tokyo. By constructing a apartment house, that interrupted viewing to Mt. Fuji from the top of slope of “Fujimi-zaka”, occurred against movement of habitants. 3. The snow shapes on the mountainsides in early spring used to show the time of planting. These snow shapes were benamed like a rabitt, horse, farmer, bird, carps etc. The Role as a farmer’s almanac is disappearing but actually it has the other value for habitants.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Akasaka, Makoto
Languages: English
Keywords: setting; visual impact; World Heritage List; mountains
Subjects: M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 03. World Heritage List
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 01. Generalities
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 09. Historic buildings
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Shuri-castle and Sefa-utaki, Gusuku Sites and Related Properties of the Kingdom of Ryukyu, Japan
UNESCO WHC Number: 972
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2010 07:09
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:14
References: 1. TERAKADO, AIBA, CHIBA, KAWAMOTO(1999): Study on the vista-conservation of Nippori-Fujimi-zaka,Daiichijuutakukennsetukyoukai Foundation,

2. 147p.2.YAMASAKI, Noriko(1999): Crisis of Nippori-Fujimizaka, Chiikizasshi YANESEN No.60, pp.40-45

3. YAMASAKI, Noriko(2000): Crisscross around Nippori-Fujimizaka, Chiikizasshi YANESEN No.61, pp.28-37

4. YAMASAKI, Noriko(2000): Afterwards Nippori-Fujimizaka, Chiikizasshi YANESEN No.62, pp.40-42


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