Dynamic landscape setting: Riverbank erosion and effect of global warming on permafrost threaten York Factory National Historic Site of Canada

Lunn, Kevin, Fontaine, Lyne and Elliot, Cam (2005) Dynamic landscape setting: Riverbank erosion and effect of global warming on permafrost threaten York Factory National Historic Site of Canada. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

Listed in the 2001-2002 Heritage at Risk ICOMOS World Report, York Factory is one of the oldest and longest operated fur trade posts in North America. Located at the confluence of Hudson Bay and the Hayes River, and in operation between 1684 and 1957, York Factory played a pivotal role in history as the political, economic and social hub of western Canadian fur trade society. This cultural setting, once the repeated scene of conflict between England and France in the 17th and 18th century, is now facing the loss of its commemorative integrity. The first two York Factories, I and II, were lost to shore erosion in previous centuries. York Factory III is loosing in some locations up to one meter a year. Archaeological resources and built heritage have been lost or are at threat. Moreover, York Factory is in a permafrost region extremely sensitive to climate warming. Although we do not have a good understanding of permafrost condition at York Factory, there is growing concern that the unconsolidated and ice-rich soil could loose its strength and undermine the foundation of an historic three-storey building. This paper outlines the strategies set in place to understand the threats and to define the appropriate responses to address change and possibly loss of this cultural heritage in the face of a dynamic landscape setting.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Lunn, Kevin
Fontaine, Lyne
Elliot, Cam
Languages: English
Keywords: heritage at risk; factory; landscape; climate change; global warming; erosion; permafrost; drainage; management plan; setting
Subjects: G.DETERIORATION > 03. Climate change
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 11. Historic landscapes
G.DETERIORATION > 02. Causes of deterioration
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 16. Industrial and technical heritage
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 09. Historic buildings
Name of monument, town, site, museum: York Factory, Canada
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 05 Nov 2010 16:25
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:14
References: 1. Carroll, Patrick.Cumulative Effects and Impacts Analysis, York Factory National Historic Site of Canada. Parks Canada

2. I.D. Engineering Company.Investigations of Biophysical Resources and Riverbank Stabilization at York Factory National Historic Site

3. Parks Canada.York Factory National Historic Site Management Plan.

4. Smith, Sharon and Burgess, Margo. n. d. The Sensitivity of Canadian Permafrost to Climate Warming. Natural Resources Canada (http://sts.gsc.nrcan.gc.ca/permafrost/Wkshpsensitivityposter2.cdr-CorelDRAW.pdf)
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/333

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