Strategies for conservation and management of indigenous cultural sites in a rapidly developing urban environment: A case study from Melbourne

Rhodes, David and Compton, Stephen (2005) Strategies for conservation and management of indigenous cultural sites in a rapidly developing urban environment: A case study from Melbourne. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]


Download (689kB)

Abstract (in English)

Rapid urban development in the eastern suburbs of Melbourne, Australia, has resulted in the discovery of complex prehistoric indigenous archaeological sites, some of considerable antiquity. While salvage archaeology has been possible at some locations, many sites and places of significance of the traditional Bunurong owners are still being destroyed. Some of the principal reasons for the rapid destruction of sites and places, are a lack of adequate planning controls for indigenous sites within urban areas and poor co-ordination of indigenous heritage issues between different government and private agencies. As a response to this situation, a local indigenous community, the Bunurong Land Council, working in partnership with local government, developers and archaeologists, have formulated strategies which attempt to conserve significant individual sites, places and landscapes of cultural significance within urban environments. This paper will examine the methods by which places, sites and landscapes of significance to the contemporary Bunurong indigenous community, have been conserved and interpreted within a landscape which is undergoing rapid urbanisation. Conservation and interpretation of sites and landscapes has also been used by the contemporary Bunurong community to assert indigenous cultural values within a changing and developing landscape.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Rhodes, David
Compton, Stephen
Languages: English
Keywords: aboriginal sites; aboriginal culture; historic sites; urban development; archaeological sites; local community; conservation measures
D.URBANISM > 01. Generalities
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Melbourne, Australia
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2010 13:20
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:14
References: Unpublished Sources

1. Aboriginal Affairs Victoria archaeological site registry.

2. Foot, 1856 'Parish of Lyndhurst Survey Plan' State Library of Victoria

3. William Thomas, Annual Report, 7/11/1840. VPRS 4467/Unit 3

Published Sources

4. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2003 2001 Census Social Atlas Launched.

5. Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, n.d.The Island Continent

6. Barwick, D.E. 1984 ‘Mapping the Past: an atlas of Victorian Clans, 1835-1904. Part 1’. Aboriginal History 8:100-131.

7. Birrell, Bob, Kevin O'Connor, Virginia Rapson and Ernest Healy 2005 'Looking back, looking forward: urban policy for Metropolitan Melbourne' Monash University E Press, Melbourne 2030, Vol.1 No.1.

8. Blake, Barry J 1991 ‘Woiworung. The Melbourne Language’ in R.M.W Dixon and B.J. Blake The Handbook of Australian Languages Vol 4: 31-105. Oxford University Press: Australia.

9. Buxton, Michael 2002 'Melbourne's Choice: Green Belt or Urban Sprawl' The Age

10. City of Casey 2005 Draft Planning Amendment C46

11. Clark, I.D. 1990 Aboriginal Languages and Clans: an historical atlas of Western and Central Victoria, 1800-1900. Monash Publications in Geography No. 37.

12. Cotter, R. 2001 Boon Wurrung: People of the Port Phillip District. Lavender Hill Multimedia: Red Hill South.

13. Coulson, H. 1959 Story of the Dandenongs 1838-1958. F.W. Cheshire: Melbourne.

14. Department of Industry, Technology and Resources 1975 7921-1-1 1:25,000 Pakenham Geological Map

15. Department of Infrastructure 20021Melbourne 2030: Planning for Sustainable Growth. State of Victoria.

16. Department of Infrastructure 20022Protecting Heritage in a Changing Melbourne. State of Victoria.

17. Department of Infrastructure 20023Victorian Planning Provisions - Schedule to the Heritage Overlay. State of Victoria.

18. Department of Sustainability and Environment 2005Victorian Population Bulletin 2005. CA256F310024B628/0/9F6296B8F3082D46CA256FF900025A29/$File/Population+Bulletin+2005.pdf

19. Gallus, A 1983'Excavations at Keilor, Victoria. Report No. 3. Excavations in the 'D' Clay' The Artefact, 8. 11-41.

20. Gaughwin, Denise and Hilary Sullivan1984‘Aboriginal boundaries and routes of movement in Western Port, Victoria’Aboriginal History. 8.1. 80-97.

21. Geological Survey of Victoria 19787921-1-1 1:25,000 Berwick Geological Map

22. Gunson, Neil 1983 The Good Country: Cranbourne Shire. 2nd reprinting with updated appendicies. Frankston City Press Holdings, Frankston.

23. Hibbins, G.M 1984 A History of the City ofSpringvale. Lothian Publishing, Port Melbourne.

24. Howitt, A.W 1904 (1996)The Native Tribes of South-East Australia. Aboriginal Studies Press: Canberra.

25. Munro, Margaret 1998'The Stone Assemblage from Keilor' The Artefact, 21. 19-34.

26. Murphy, A. 2002Bunyip State Park: a preliminary cultural heritage assessment. Report to Parks Victoria. Tardis Enterprises, Melbourne.

27. Rhodes, David 2001City of Greater Dandenong Aboriginal Heritage Study. Report prepared for the City of Greater Dandenong. Terra Culture Pty Ltd, Melbourne.

28. Rhodes, David 2004 Report on an Archaeological Excavation of a Pre-Contact Bunurong Campsite, Lakeside Estate, Pakenham. Report to Delfin Lendlease. Heritage Insight, Melbourne.

29. Rhodes, David and Joanne Bell 2004 Shire of Cardinia Urban Growth Corridor Aboriginal Heritage Study. Report to the Shire of Cardinia. Heritage Insight, Melbourne.

30. Rownan, J.N, G.W. Cochrane, D. Spencer Jones and G.W. Quick 1999Introducing Victorian Geology. Geological Society of Australia Incorporated, Victorian Division.

31. Spreadborough, Robert and Hugh Anderson 1982Victorian Squatters. Red Rooster Press, Melbourne.

32. Thomas, William 1840 Sketch map of the Western Port District in Coutts, P.J.F 1981 Readings in Victorian Prehistory Volume 2: The Victorian Aboriginals 1800-1860. Victoria Archaeological Survey, Ministry for Conservation.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item



Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics