The Royal Road in Brazil

Sampaio, Suzanna (2005) The Royal Road in Brazil. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

The Royal Route in Brazil,shaped through centuries in the country vast hinterland ,in its 1400 km crosses 177 towns in (3)three Brazilian states 162 towns in Minas Gerais, 8 in Rio de Janeiro,and 7 in São Paulo,from where the bandeirantes, the first Paulista colonizers,set off.Through their paths,and trails it is possible to reconstruct the cycle of the search for gold and precious stones the plight of the pioneer colonial urban settlers and that of the suffering of thousands of African Slaves who actually built the road. The greatest Brazilian Baroque and Rococo Monuments several of them on the Worlds Heritage List are located in this historical cultural itinerary. This impressive route for historical reason is classified in two different ways: the Old Way (17th.Century )from Paraty to Ouro Preto and later on to Diamantina, is known as The Gold Route which is almost entirely preserved,while the New Way,(18th Century)an alternative road,connecting Minas Gerais directly to the city port of Rio de Janeiro,where no consistent preserved part can be found. This paper intend to show to the specialists, the actual situation of this unique Heritage,and discuss the ways to avoid the destruction of part of Ouro Preto, of the Aleijadinho masterpieces in Congonhas do Campo and the constant attempts to devastating, the magnificent Rain Forest through the Mountain range of Bocaina,the main site of the Old Golden Route. To draw the audience’s attention,we will present a photographic documentation on the problems described in this present publication: the Gold Route at the Bocaina Mountains and the port of Paraty-aerial views;the situation of the sculptures in Congonhas do Campo; the growth of favelas in the core of the city of Ouro Preto classified area.We hope that the discussion could define measures helping the management protection of Cultural Itineraries as a whole and specially to the Brazilian World Heritage Properties in serious danger.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Sampaio, Suzanna
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural routes; historic sites; historic towns
Subjects: H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 07. Cultural routes
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 12. Historic towns and villages
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 09. Historic buildings
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Camino Real, Brazil
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2010 16:06
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:15

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