When the castles were white, II

Hyland, ADC and Intsiful, George W. K. (2003) When the castles were white, II. In: 14th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Place, memory, meaning: preserving intangible values in monuments and sites’, 27 – 31 oct 2003, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

Three of the historically most significant forts and castles of Ghana, which were designated as a group of World Heritage properties in 1979 – Cape Coast Castle, St George’s Castle Elmina, and Fort St Jago Elmina – were the subject of a major conservation programme executed in the 1990’s under the aegis of the Ghana Government, UNDP and USAID. In architectural terms, the programme can be judged to have achieved its objectives, and the future of these monuments, maintained and managed by their custodians, the Ghana Museums and Monuments Board, appears to be reasonably secure. What had not been anticipated, however, when the initial brief for consultants was drawn up and during the period of project development, was the growing divergence of opinion among stakeholders as to the authenticity of the repair, refurbishment and adaptive re-use of the buildings as community assets and as revenue generators. How are these World Heritage Properties perceived? How should they be presented to the public? As national icons embodying the history of the country’s development, or as memorials to those who suffered the cruelties of the slave trade – or merely as holiday venues? At bottom, there is an irreconcilable conflict about what these buildings mean. The conflicting layers of meaning are examined and analysed, and proposals made for their reconciliation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Hyland, ADC
Intsiful, George W. K.
Languages: English
Keywords: forts; castles; conservation programme; management; presentation; World Heritage List; intangible heritage
Subjects: M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 03. World Heritage List
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 09. Historic buildings
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Forts and Castles, Volta, Greater Accra, Central and Western Regions, Ghana
UNESCO WHC Number: 34
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2003, 14th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2010 08:35
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:16
References: 1. Hyland, A D C: ‘ When the Castles were White, and other poems, Harare, Weaver Press, awaiting publication.

2. UNESCO: Properties included in the World Heritage List, Paris, UNESCO – ICOMOS/WHC Documentation Centre, 1998.

3. Hyland, ADC: ‘Editorial: When the Castles were White’ in the Open House International, Vol. 27, No.3, 2002.

4. Hyland, ADC: ‘Monuments Conservation Practice in Ghana: Issues of Policy and Management’ in Journal of Architectural Conservation, vol. 1, No.2, 1995.

5. Huxley, Elspeth: Four Guineas, London, Chatto & Windus, 1954

6. Pope Hennessy, James: Sins of the Fathers, A Study of the Ashanti Slave Traders, 1441-1807. London, Weidienfeld & Nicolson, 1967.

7. An idea originally advocated by Dr Efua Sutherland 8. Hyatt, Vera L, ed: Ghana, the Chronicle of a Museum Demonstration Project in the Central Region, Washington, DC, Smithsonian Institution, 1997.

9. Daily Graphic, Newspaper published by The Graphic Communications Group Ltd. Graphic Road, P O Box 742, Accra, ISSN 0855-1529, 29th July 2003 (p.3)

10. Daily Graphic, Newspaper published by The Graphic Communication Group Ltd. Graphic Road, P O Box 742, Accra, ISSN 0855-1529, 28th July 2003 (p.17)

11. Daily Graphic, Newspaper published by The Graphic Communication Group Ltd. Graphic Road, P O Box 742, Accra, ISSN 0855-1529, 29th July 2003 (p.7)

12. Hyland, A D C “Monuments Conservation Practice in Ghana: Issues of Policy and Management” in Journal of Architectural Conservation, Vol.1.No.2, (1995)

13. Hyland, A D C “ When the Castle were White, and other poem,” Weaver Press, Harare, awaiting publication.
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/491

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