Preventive conservation for marble-clad buildings and marble sculptures

Lindborg, Ulf (2002) Preventive conservation for marble-clad buildings and marble sculptures. In: Estrategias relativas al patrimonio cultural mundial. La salvaguarda en un mundo globalizado. Principios, practicas y perspectivas. 13th ICOMOS General Assembly and Scientific Symposium. Actas. Comité Nacional Español del ICOMOS, Madrid, pp. 252-253. [Book Section]


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Abstract (in English)

Marble is an attractive material used as aesthetically pleasing facade cladding on old and modern prestige buildings and as a preferred material for sculpture. However, outdoors, marble is more sensitive to weathering than many other stone materials and marble cladding on buildings often suffers damage in that the panels start to bow permanently in-situ on the building walls, and after few years a disastrous situation may develop. Recent research in the EU-project HERMES and elsewhere has shed new light on the deterioration process which appears to be quite different from the deterioration of other stone materials. Damage in marble is not caused mainly by air pollution but rather by temperature and humidity fluctuations which cause a fatigue-type failure in the grain boundaries of the marble. Rainfall directly onto the marble tends to accelerate the damage. Certain marbles are more prone to deterioration than other marbles, probably as a consequence of their internal microstructure and their pore structure on a nanometer scale.

Item Type: Book Section
Lindborg, Ulf
Languages: English
Keywords: building material; marble; façades; sculptures; conservation; preventive conservation; conservation treatment; moisture; thermal aspects; monitoring; consolidation
Subjects: C. ARCHITECTURE > 04. Building materials
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2002, 13th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2011 12:17
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2011 12:17
References: J. M. Logan et al., “A Case Study of the Properties of Marble as a Building Veneer,” Int J Rock Mech 30 (1993), 1531-1537

U. Lindborg, R.C. Dunakin and D.J. Rowcliffe, “Thermal Stress and Weathering of Marble,” Proc 9th Int Congress Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Venice (2000) 109-117

U. Lindborg and R.C.Dunakin, “Stress Corrosion and Fatigue in Stone Deterioration,” Proc. 12th EUROMARBLE Workshop 2001. Published by Bavarian State Conservation Office, Munich 2002 (in press)

U. Lindborg, “Fatigue-induced shape change in marble” in Mechanisms and Mechanics of Fracture.The John Knott Symposium, TMS, Warrendale PA, USA 2002 (in press)

A. Widhalm, E. Tchegg and W. Eppensteiner, “Anisotropic Thermal Expansion,” J Perform Constr Facilities 10 (1996) 5-10

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