Walk to global vision: driving heritage development by world heritage award: Macau - a colony with east west culture
Mok , Keng Kio (2012) Walk to global vision: driving heritage development by world heritage award: Macau - a colony with east west culture. In: ICOMOS 17th General Assembly, 2011-11-27 / 2011-12-02, Paris, France. [Conference or Workshop Item]
Abstract (in English)
Macau is a place of East meets West for over 400 years at the south-east coast of China. It was a colony of Portugal before it was handover to the Chinese Government to become a Special Administrative Region of China in 1999. Macau is now the second most compact city with highest gaming return in the world. Since the monopoly of gambling license ended in 2000, Macau undergone its ever fastest urbanization with huge “Las Vegas”-style casinos being constructed in 24-hour non-stop manner. The central district and seashore are all bounded by casinos. This paper will discuss the enormous threats from casino development to the urban cultural landscape of Macau. The recent two World Heritage Award submissions during colonial period before 1999 and the post-colonial period after 1999 had successfully inputted global vision to Macau’s heritage development for resistance to these threats. How these two submissions had prompted changes in governance management practice, conservation priority and new interpretation of Macau’s heritage monuments would be discussed. In 2005, “The Historic Centre of Macao” was granted the World Heritage Award by UNESCO. In view of great disturbance from imbalanced casino development, Macau’s heritage development was further driven by this award. Macau’s unique conservation example in successfully inputting global vision to drive heritage development through World Heritage Award submission enlightens all other heritage conservation projects in the world.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)|
|Keywords:||Urban areas; Urban development; Urbanization; Conservation; Cultural development; Protection of cultural heritage; Protection; Old buildings; historical buildings; Monuments; Legislation; Public awareness; Colonial heritage; Venice charter; Macau|
|Subjects:||D.URBANISM > 02. Urban planning
D.URBANISM > 05. Legislation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 01. Generalities
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 12. Historic towns and villages
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
P.GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
|Name of monument, town, site, museum:||City of Macau (south-east coast of China)|
|ICOMOS Special Collection:||Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)|
|Depositing User:||Mrs Lucile Smirnov|
|Date Deposited:||03 Jul 2012 14:57|
|Last Modified:||27 Jul 2012 08:42|
|References:||Maria Calado, 1985. Macau: Memorial City on the Estuary of the River of Pearls, Macau: Government of Macau.
Australia ICOMOS. 2000. The Burra Charter: The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance, Australia: Australia ICOMOS Incorporated.
Clayton, Cathryn Hope. 2002. “Discourse on the City: Identity Formation and Urban Change in Contemporary Macao,” in Review of Culture International Edition 3, July 2002, pp. 58-81, Macau: Cultural Affairs Bureau.
Mok, Keng Kio. 2007. Garden and city: Conservation of Urban Cultural Landscape through Partnership, A Case Study of Macau's Historic Garden, San Francisco Garden, Master Thesis, The University of Hong Kong.
Mok, Keng Kio. 2009. Walk to Global Vision: Post-colonial Interpretation of World Heritage Monuments in Macau, Sydney: Australia ICOMOS.
UNESCO. 2005. Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention, Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
Macau Gaming Inspection and Coordination Bureau (http://www.dicj.gov.mo)
Macau Heritage Kits (http://www.macauheritage.net/mwhinfo05/indexE.asp)
Macau Heritage Net. (http://www.macauheritage.net)
Macau Statistics and Census Bureau (http://www.dsec.gov.mo)
Macau Special Administrative Region Government Website (http://www.gov.mo)
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