La aportación estructural del Crystal Palace de la Exposición Universal de Londres 1851. Una ampliación del enfoque histórico tradicional. The structural contribution of the Crystal Palace to the 1851 Great Exhibition held in London. An extension of the traditional historical approach.

López César, Isaac (2014) La aportación estructural del Crystal Palace de la Exposición Universal de Londres 1851. Una ampliación del enfoque histórico tradicional. The structural contribution of the Crystal Palace to the 1851 Great Exhibition held in London. An extension of the traditional historical approach. RITA Revista Indexada de Textos Académicos (2). pp. 76-83. ISSN 2340-9711 [Article]

[img]
Preview
PDF
RITA_Isaac_Lopez.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.

Download (3MB)

Abstract (in English)

The aim of this paper is to establish a historical line from the first architectural application of structural elements made of industrial iron for roofs and multi-storey buildings to the first application of portal frame in a multi-storey building. With this in mind, the Crystal Palace built for the 1851 Great Exhibition held in London is revealed as the point of inflexion in the transition from metallic lattice typology, which is stabilized by perimeter masonry walls, to modern portal frame applied to the multi-storey building. Historical connections are detected in this transition giving value to some buildings which have remained on the side lines of the conventional architectural historiography. We can therefore expand on the traditional historical focus of the achievements of the Chicago School, highlighting and historically connecting prior events.

El objetivo del presente artículo es el de establecer la línea histórica que conduce desde la aplicación arquitectónica de los primeros elementos estructurales de hierro industrializado en edificios de varias plantas y cubiertas hasta la aplicación primigenia del pórtico rígido autoportante en un edificio de varias plantas. En este recorrido, el Crystal Palace de la Exposición Universal de Londres 1851 se revela como un elemento clave que articula la transición desde la tipología de entramado metálico estabilizado por muros perimetrales de fábrica hasta la moderna formalización del pórtico rígido autoestable aplicado al edificio en altura. Asimismo, se detectan las conexiones históricas existentes en dicho proceso, poniendo en valor edificios que han permanecido al margen de la historiografía arquitectónica convencional. Ampliamos, por tanto, el foco histórico centrado tradicionalmente en los logros de la Escuela de Chicago destacando y conectando históricamente los acontecimientos anteriores.

Item Type: Article
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
López César, Isaacisaac.lopez@udc.es
Languages: Spanish
Keywords: Crystal Palace; World Fairs; Joseph Paxton; architecture; structure; portal frame; Exposiciones Universales; arquitectura; estructura; pórtico rígido; structural surveys
Subjects: C.ARCHITECTURE > 06. Structures of buildings
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 16. Industrial and technical heritage
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Crystal Palace, London, UK
Number: 2
ISSN: 2340-9711
Depositing User: PhD Isaac López César
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2014 09:56
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2014 09:56
References: 1. Banham, Reyner. (1960). Theory and design in the First Machine Age. The Architectural Press, London.

2. Bannister, T. (1950). The first Iron-framed Buildings. The Architectural Review, Vol. 107, pp. 231-46.

3. Benévolo, Leonardo.(1996). Historia de la Arquitectura Moderna. Gustavo Gili. Barcelona.

4. Burnham, Daniel Hudson. (1896). Engineering Record, Julio.

5. Coad, J.G. (1983). Historic architecture of the Royal Navy. Gollancz Ltd. London.

6. Diestelkamp, E.J. (1997). Richard Turner and the Palm House at Kew Gardens. En Sutherland, R.J.M. Studies in the History of Civil Engineering. Vol. 9. Ashgate Publishing Limited. Great Yarmouth.

7. Frampton, Kenneth. (1995). Studies in tectonic culture: the poetics of construction in Nineteenth and Twentith Century Architecture. Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts, Chicago, Illinois.

8. Giedion, Sigfried. (1982). Espacio, tiempo y arquitectura. Dossat. Madrid.

9. Giedion, Sigfried. (1995). Building in France Building in Iron, Building in Ferroconcrete. The Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities, Santa Monica, California.

10. Giovanni, Fanelli / Gargiani, Roberto. (2005). Storia dell’ Archittetura Contemporanea. Spazio, struttura, involucro. Editori Laterza, Roma.

11. Gössel, Peter. (2005). Arquitectura del S.XX. Taschen, Köln.

12. Hix, John. (1996). The glasshouse. Phaidon, London.

13. Mainstone, Rowland J. (1998). Developments in structural form. Architectural Press, Oxford.

14. Mallet, Robert. (1862) Record of the International Exhibition London 1851. William Mackenzie, Glasgow.

15. McKean, John. (1994). Crystal Palace. Phaidon, London.

16. Pevner, N. (1973). Los orígenes de la arquitectura moderna y del diseño. Gustavo Gili. Barcelona.

17. Picon, Antoine. (1997). L’art de l’ingenieur. Editions du Centre Pompidou, París.

18. Skempton, A.W. (1959-60). The Boat Store Sheernes. The Newcomen Society. Transactions. Vol. XXXII. London.

19. Sutherland, R.J.M. (1997). The age of cast iron. En Sutherland, R.J.M. Studies in the History of Civil Engineering. Vol. 9. Ashgate Publishing Limited. Great Yarmouth.

20. Sutherland, R.J.M. (1997). The introduction of structural wrought iron. En Sutherland, R.J.M. Studies in the History of Civil Engineering. Vol. 9. Ashgate Publishing Limited. Great Yarmouth.

21. Wyatt, M.D. (1850-1851). On the construction of the building for the exhibition of Industry of all Nations. Minutes of the Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, nº10.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1511

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Metadata

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

© ICOMOS
http://www.international.icomos.org
openarchive(at)icomos.org