Las Exposiciones Universales. Laboratorio de estructuras: aportación de los edificios construidos con motivo de las Exposiciones Universales a la historia de las tipologías estructurales de edificación = World's Fairs. Structure laboratory: the contribution of the buildings built for the World's Fairs to the history of architecture structural typologies

López César, Isaac (2012) Las Exposiciones Universales. Laboratorio de estructuras: aportación de los edificios construidos con motivo de las Exposiciones Universales a la historia de las tipologías estructurales de edificación = World's Fairs. Structure laboratory: the contribution of the buildings built for the World's Fairs to the history of architecture structural typologies. PhD thesis, Universidade da Coruña. Spain. [Thesis]

[img]
Preview
PDF
ISAAC_LÓPEZ_CÉSAR_Tesis_Doctoral_PhD_thesis.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (730MB)

Abstract (in English)

The thesis analyzes the contribution of the buildings built for the World’s Fairs to the history of architecture structural typologies, defining these contributions, their importance and the fields where they're acknowledged, supporting the fact that these events have been Structural Experimentation Laboratories. The work focuses on typological and design aspects, ranging the period from the first World Fair held in 1851 to the year 2000. Numerous historical relations are established between Exhibition buildings and others besides these events, either precedents or sequels. This method places exhibition buildings in the technological context of their time and therefore proves justice to its value. The thesis not only aims to technical issues but also relates the structures of exhibition buildings to the different architectural trends based on technological exaltation or structural fantasy, taking also into account the main historical events in western world during the studied period. Additionally, there are many references to other un-built projects that took part in the several design competitions for these exhibitions that help to build up the idea of World’s Fairs as creative catalysts. The thorough documentary work and the rigorous analysis of all these documents delivers justice to the value of these buildings, otherwise in marginal consideration, and helps detect mistakes in classical publications on history of modern architecture. Also, this thesis reveals many written and graphic documents unpublished in contemporary editions.

La tesis analiza la aportación que han supuesto las estructuras de los edificios construidos con motivo de las Exposiciones Universales a la historia de las tipologías estructurales de edificación, determinando cuales han sido estas aportaciones, en que campos se han producido y su trascendencia histórica, fundamentando documentalmente el carácter de Laboratorio de Experimentación de Estructuras que han constituido estos acontecimientos. El trabajo se centra fundamentalmente en aspectos tipológicos y de diseño estructural, abarcando el período histórico comprendido entre la primera Exposición Universal, celebrada en 1851, y el año 2000. Se establecen relaciones históricas entre los edificios expositivos y otros ajenos a estos eventos, que han constituido antecedentes y secuelas de los mismos, metodología que permite el engranaje del edificio de exposición en el contexto tecnológico de cada época y, por tanto, su justa puesta en valor. La tesis no se centra únicamente en aspectos técnicos sino que también establece múltiples relaciones entre las estructuras de los edificios expositivos y determinadas corrientes arquitectónicas basadas en la exaltación tecnológica o en la fantasía estructural, valorando además la influencia de los principales acontecimientos del devenir histórico general del mundo Occidental en el período estudiado. Asimismo, se realizan numerosas referencias a proyectos no construidos, permitiendo apuntalar la idea de la Exposición Universal como catalizador de la creatividad estructural. El trabajo documental realizado y el análisis riguroso de dicha documentación han permitido poner en su justo valor algunos pabellones expositivos que han permanecido en una situación histórica marginal. La tesis saca a la luz abundante documentación tanto gráfica como escrita inédita en publicaciones contemporáneas.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
López César, Isaacisaac.lopez@udc.es
Languages: Spanish
Keywords: World Fairs; Universal Expositions; Universal Exhibitions; Buildings of the World Fairs; structure; architecture; structures history; architecture history; Exposiciones Universales; edificios de las Exposiciones Universales; pabellones de exposición; estructura; arquitectura; historia de las estructuras; historia de la arquitectura
Subjects: C.ARCHITECTURE > 06. Structures of buildings
F.SCIENTIFIC TECHNIQUES AND METHODOLOGIES OF CONSERVATION > 26. Historical surveys
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 16. Industrial and technical heritage
Name of monument, town, site, museum: World Fairs; Universal Expositions; Buildings of the World Fairs
Number of Pages: 706
Depositing User: PhD Isaac López César
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2016 18:42
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2016 18:42
References: [1] A Century of Progress Exposition. The Travel and Transport Building. The architectural forum, Octubre 1931, pags : 449-456.

[2] A history of convertible roofs. Architectural design, nº7, vol 43, 1973, pags: 421-428.

[3] Acrobatic structure in Brussels. Architectural Forum, Mayo 1958.

[4] Album de l'Exposition 1900. 120 Vues et 7 Plans. France-Album, Revue Mensuelle nº61-62. Paris, Mayo 1900.

[5] Allgemeine bauzeitung nº82. Octubre de1873. Planchas Rotonda Viena.

[6] Anatole de Baudot 1834-1915. Rassegna, Milan 1996.

[7] Archigram. Editions du Centre Pompidou, París 1994.

[8] Architecture at Brussels: festival of structure. Architectural Record, Junio 1858, pags: 163-170.

[9] Arena trades in cables for trusses (Seattle 1962). Architectural Record, nº184, Febrero de 1996, pags: 42-47.

[10] Brilliantly ordered visual world: expo 67. Architectural record,1967, nº142 July, pags: 115-126

[11] Bruxelles 1958. Exposition universelle et internationale. Les techniques au service de l'homme. L'architecture d'aujourd' hui,1958, nº76, pags : 97-103

[12] Cable system to support 200 Ft. circular roof. Engineering News Record, 8 de Enero de 1931, pags : 73-75

[13] Charles Rennie Mackintosh 1868-1928. Electa Moniteur, París 1990

[14] Das Bauwesen auf Wiener Weltausstellung des Jahres 1873. Allgemeine bauzeitung nº84. Octubre de1873. Pags : 323-324.

[15] Das Gebäude für die Gewerbeausftellung aller Nazionen in New York im Jahre 1853. Allgemeine bauzeitung, 1853. Pags : 25-26. Planchas : 27-29

[16] Die flora zu Charlottenburg bei Berlin. Deutsche bauzeitung nº68, 23 de Agosto de 1873. Pags : 259-260. Plancha : VII

[17] Expo '92 Séville, Architecture et design. Gallimard / Electa, Sevilla 1992.

[18] Exposition Universelle. Cronique des travaux. La construction moderne, 13 de Agosto de 1887. Pags: 520-522

[19] Exposition Universelle. Cronique des travaux. Montage des fermes de 115 mètres. La construction moderne, 28 de Julio de 1888. Pags: 501-504.

[20] Exposition Universelle de Vienne en 1873. Nouvelles Annales de la construction, Marzo de 1873. Pags: 34-36.

[21] Exposition Universelle de 1889. Palais des Machines. Nouvelles annales de la construcción. Julio 1889. Págs: 97-108. Planchas 31-33.

[22] Exposition Universelle de 1889. Palais des Machines. Nouvelles annales de la construccion 1889, Septiembre 1889. Págs: 129-140

[23] Exposition Universelle de 1889. Palais des Machines. Montage des fermes (2). Nouvelles annales de la construcción, Octubre de 1889. Pags:155-159. Planchas 40-41.

[24] Exposition Universelle de 1900. Catalogue illustré officiel. Ludovic Baschet éditeur. París 1900.

[25] Exposition Universelle 1878. Nouvelles Annales de la Construction, Marzo 1878. Planchas : 13-14

[26] Exposition Universelle 1878. Nouvelles Annales de la Construction, Mayo 1878. Plancha : 20

[27] Fiera de New York. Edilizia moderna, nº84, 1964, pags : 67-79

[28] Gebaude fur die allgemeine industria: und runftausftellung in jahre 1855 in Paris. Allgemeine bauzeitung, 1856. Pags: 111-117, planchas 21-24.

[29] General report on the 1967 World Exhibition. The Canadian Corporation for the 1967 World Exhibition. Montreal. Canada. 1968.

[30] Illustrirter Katalog der Pariser Industrie-Ausstellung von 1867. F.A. Brockhaus, Leipzig, 1868.

[31]Japan World Exposition, Osaka 1970. Official photo album. Commemorative Associattion for the Japan World Exposition, Osaka 1971

[32] Japan world exposition, Osaka, 1970 Official Report. Commemorative Association for the Japan World Exposition 1970. Suita City, Osaka 1972.

[33] Japanese Pavilion at the Expo in Hannover. Detail nº6, Septiembre 2000, pags: 1012-1017

[34] Jules Arthur Vierendeel: pionero del diseño structural. Universidad Nacional del Nordeste. Comunicaciones científicas y tecnológicas. Argentina, 2004.

[35] L’Architecture à l’Exposition Universelle de 1889. Nouvelles annales de la construccion 1889, Agosto 1889. Págs: 113-124

[36] L' Exposition Populaire illustrée Paris 1867. Paris, 1867.

[37] L’Exposition Universelle de 1889. Nouvelles annales de la construcción, Marzo 1889, Pags: 33-38

[38] La charpente en fer du Palais de l’Industrie. Nouvelles annales de la construccion, Febrero 1856. Pags: 89-107, planchas: 9-10.

[39] La expo di Osaka in costruzione. Domus, nº482, pags 2-5

[40] La fiera di Montreal in costruzione. Domus nº446, Enero 1967, pags: 8 -16

[41] La Galerie des Machines. Figaro-Exposition 1889. Paris 1889. Pags: 111-112

[42] La Tour de 300 mètres. Vérification de sa verticalité. Nouvelles annales de la construccion, Junio 1889, Pags: 89-107.

[43] Large roofs suspended by cables to avoid columns. Engineering News Record, nº17, 27 de Octubre de 1921, pags : 688-689

[44] Le livre des expositions universelles 1851-1989. Union Centrale des Arts Décoratifs, Paris 1983

[45] Le Palais de Cristal. Album de l’exposition. Journal illustré de l’exposition de 1851 et des progres de l’industrie universelle. París 1851

[46] Lime Street Station, Liverpool, nº II by Richard Turner of Dublin. Civil Engineer and Architect´s Journal, 15 de Marzo de1851. Vol.14. R. Groombridge and Sons, Dublin.

[47] New York World's Fair. Architectural review,1963, nº 802, Diciembre, pags: 433-435

[48] New York world's Fair. Architectural review,1964, nº 809, Julio, pags : 61-65

[49] New York World's Fair 1964/1965. Official Souvenir Book. Norton Wood, New York 1964

[50] PA&B profile: Paul Thiry. Pacific Architect & Builder, Febrero 1961, pags: 12-24

[51] Palais de l’Exposition Universelle de 1867. Nouvelles annales de la construccion, Agosto 1866. Planchas: 33-36

[52] Palais de l’Exposition Universelle de 1867. Nouvelles annales de la construccion, Junio 1867. Planchas: 1-2

[53] Photograps of the World’s Fair. An elaborate collection of photographs of the buildings, grounds and exhitits of the World’s Columbiam Exposition. The Werner Company, Chicago 1894.

[54] Productos de madera para la arquitectura. AITIM, 2008.

[55] Rapport administratif sur l’Exposition Universelle de 1878 a Paris. Imprimerie Nationale. Paris 1881.

[56] Rapport sur l’exposition universelle de 1855. Paris. Imprimerie impériale, 1856.

[57] Rapport sur l'Exposition universelle de 1867, à Paris. Imprimerie impériale, Paris 1869.

[58] Shigeru Ban Architects. Paper tube architecture, 10 works 1990-2000. Galerie Renate Kammer, Hamburgo 2000.

[59] Structure, space, mankind, EXPO 70, a photographic interpreter. The Editorial Commitee of the Second Achitectural Convention of Japan. Osaka 1970.

[60] Technology: the infinitely expandable future of air structures. Architectural forum, nº2, vol 133, Sept 1970, pags : 40-43

[61] Tectónica nº3. Hormigón ‘in situ’. ATC Ediciones, Madrid 1995

[62] The Brussels Exhibition. The architects’ journal, 29 de Mayo de 1958, pags : 789-847

[63] The Paris Exhibition. Engineering nº 47, Mayo 1889. Pags: 415-466

[64] The Paris Exhibition of 1889. The Machinery Hall. Engineering, Abril 1888. Pags: 419-420

[65] The Paris International Exhibition of 1889. Engineering nº45, Junio de 1888. Pags: 534-537

[66] The St. Pancras Station. Engineering nº4, Agosto 1867. Pag: 148

[67] The Travel and Transport Building. A Century of Progress Exposition. The architectural forum, Octubre 1931, pags : 501-506.

[68] The U.S. at Osaka. Architectural Forum, October, 1968.

[69] Transport Building at Chicago World’s Fair. Engineering News Record, 7 de Mayo de 1931, pags : 766-767.

[70] Transporte vertical. Otis. Edición española 1998.

[71] Two pavilions for 12th world orchis conference. Yutaka Murata architect. Kenchiku bunka, nº42, 1987, pags: 23-38

[72] Viena, arte y arquitectura. Könemann, Colonia 1999.

[73] Weltausstellng Brüssel 1958. Baumeister nº5, 1958, pags: 176-180.

[74] 1º Encuentro Internacional Estructuras Ligeras para Grandes Luces (Actas). Sevilla 1992.

[75] Allwood, John. The Great Exhibitions. Studio Vista, London 1977.

[76] Aloi, Roberto. Esposizioni architetture allestimenti. Ulrico Hoepli Editore, Milano 1960.

[77] Anderson, Stanford. Peter Behrens and a new architecture for the twentieth century. The MIT Press, Massachusetts 2000

[78] Anon. The Paris Exhibition. Engineering nº47, 3 de Mayo de 1889. Pags: 415-466

[79] Appelbaum, Stanley. The New York World’s Fair 1939 / 1940 in 155 photographs. Dover Publications, inc, New York 1977.

[80] Araujo, Ramón. Construir en acero. Tectónica nº9, 1995, ATC Ediciones

[81] Archambault, B. Exposition Universelle. Cronique des travaux. Montage des fermes de 115 métres. La construction moderne, 28 de Julio de 1888. Pags: 501-504.

[82] Arnaud, B (editor). Lyon, ses monuments et son Exposition de 1894. Lyon 1894.

[83] Audra, R. L’Exposition Universelle de 1889. Nouvelles annales de la construccion 1889, Marzo de 1889. Págs: 33-38. Planchas: 13-14

[84] Ayers, Andrew. The architecture of Paris. Edition Axel Menges, Estuttgart / London 2004

[85] Bachin, Robin F. Building the south side. Urban space and civic culture in Chicago 1890-1919. University of Chicago Press, Chicago 2004

[86] Baculo, A. / Gallo, S. / Mangore, M. Le grandi esposizioni nel mondo, 1851-1900. Liguori Editore, Napoles 1988

[87] Ban, Shigeru. Shigeru Ban. Laurence King Publishing, London 2001

[88] Ban, Shigeru. Shigeru Ban. Complete Works 1985-2010. Taschen, Köln 2010

[89] Bancroft, Hubert Howe. The book of the fair. The Bancroft Company, Chicago 1893.

[90] Barnes Michael / Dickson, Michael. Widespan roof structures. Thomas Telford, London 2000

[91] Barnes M. / Renner W. / Kiefer M. Case studies in the design of widespan EXPO structures. Proceeding: Conceptual design of structures, Stuttgart 1996.

[92] Barrault, A / Bridel, G. Le Palais de l’Industrie et se annexes; description raisonnée du système de construction. París, 1857

[93] Baschet, Ludovic. Exposition Universelle 1900. Le panorama. Ludovic Baschét, Éditeur, París 1900

[94] Benévolo, Leonardo. Historia de la arquitectura moderna. Ed. G. Gili, Barcelona 1996.

[95] Berger, Horst. Light structures, structures of light. The art and engineering of tensile architecture. Birkhäuser Verlag, Princeton, Berlín 1996

[96] Bettinotti, Massimo (editor). Kenzo Tange, Architecture and urban design. Electa, Milano 1996

[97] Blanc, Alan / McEvoy, Michael / Plank, Roger. Architecture and construction in steel. E & FN Spon, London 1993.

[98] Blaser, Werner. Chicago architecture. Holabird & Root 1880-1992. Birkhäuser Verlag, Berlín 1992

[99] Both, Lionel Geoffrey. The design and construction of timber hyperbolic paraboloid shell roofs in Britain: 1957-1975. Construcion History, nº13, 1997, pags: 67-90.

[100] Boudon, Françoise / Chastel, André. Sistème de l’architecture urbaine. Le quartier des halles a Paris. Éditions du Centre National de la Recerche Scientifique, Paris 1977

[101] Bouin, Philippe / Chanut, Christian-Philippe. Histoire francaise des foires et des expositions universelles. Ed. Baudouin, Paris 1980

[102] Brino, Giovanni. Cristal Palace, cronaca de un’avventura progettuale. Ed. Sagep, Genova 1988

[103] Brown, J.M. W.B. Wilkinson, 1819-1902 and his place in the history of reinforced concrete. Transaction Newcomen Society of London, nº 39, 1966-1967.

[104] Bruegmann, Robert. Holabird & Root. An illustrated catalog of works. Volume III, 1927-1940. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York & London 1991

[105] Buckminster Fuller, Richard. Synergetics : explorations in the geometry of thinking. MacMillan Publishing Co., New York 1975

[106] Buckminster Fuller, Richard. Krausse, Joachim / Lichtenstein, Claude. Your private sky. The art of design science. Lars Müller Publishers, Zürich 1999.

[107] Burke, Bridget / Serafica, Cathy / Higgins, Martha. Revisiting the World’s Fairs and International Expositions, Bibliography

[108] Burkhardt, Berthold. History of tent construction. Detail, nº6, vol.40, Septiembre de 2000, pags: 960-964

[109] Burnham, Daniel H. The final official report of the director of works of the World’s Columbian Exposition. 8 volúmenes. Garland Publishing, Inc. New York & London 1989 (reimpresión)

[110] Burnham, Daniel H. World’s Columbian Exposition. The book of the builders. Columbian Memorial Publication Society, Chicago 1894

[111] Calabi, Donatella. Marcel Poëte et la Paris années vingt: aux origines de “l’histoire des villes”. L’Harmattan, Paris 1997.

[112] Cánovas, Andrés. Pabellón de Bruselas 58. Ministerio de Vivienda, Madrid 2005

[113] Carstensen, G / Gildemeister, C. New York Crystal Palace: illustrated description of the building. American architectural books. Riker, Thorne & co., 1854

[114] Cassinello, Fernando. Bruselas, alarde estructural. Intituto Técnico de la Construcción y del Cemento, Madrid 1959

[115] Cassinello Pérez, Fernando. Construcción, hormigonería. Editorial Rueda / Instituto Juan de Herrera, Madrid 1996

[116] Charlton, T.M. A history of theory of structures in the nineteenth century. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1982

[117] Chasseloup, M de / Labaut. Memoires de la Société des Ingénieurs Civils de France. Octubre de 1892.

[118] Chilton, John. Space grid structures. Architectural Press, Oxford 2000

[119] Chueca Goitia, Fernando. Historia de la arquitectura occidental. Tomo V. De la Revolución Industrial al Racionalismo. Ed. Dossat. S.A., Madrid 1981.

[120] Cilento, A. Puentes y puentes colgantes. Tecnología y construcción nº16, 2000

[121] Clark, W.M., editor. The Crystal Palace and its contents. An illustrated cyclopaedia of the great exhibition of 1851. Warwick Lane, London, 1852

[122] Clasen, Wolfgang. Exhibitions, Exhibits, Industrial and Trade Fairs. The Architectural Press, London, 1968

[123] Coad, J.G. Historic architecture of Chatham Dockyard 1700-1850. Mariner’s Mirror, Vol.68, nº2 , 1982. Pags: 133-188

[124] Coad, J.G. Historic architecture of the Royal Navy. Victor Gollancz Ltd. , London 1983

[125] Cohen, Jean-Louis / Abram, Joseph / Lambert, Guy. Encyclopedie Perret. Momun, París 2002

[126] Collier, P.F. New York City Fires 1800’s

[127] Collins, P. Splendeur du béton: les Prédécesseurs et l’oeuvre d’Auguste Perret. Hazan , París, 1995.

[128] Comstock, Henry. They built the roof on the ground. (New York 1964-65). Popular Science, Marzo 1964. Pags: 98-101

[129] Condit, Carl W. American building art: the twentieth century, volumen 2. Oxford University Press, 1961

[130] Consultation internationale pour l’aménagement du quartier des halles a Paris. 600 contraprojets pour les halles. Editions du Moniteur, París 1981

[131] Contamin, M. V. Discours pronouncé par M.V. Contamin. Mémoires de la Société des Ingénieurs Civils. París, 1891

[132] Cook, Peter. Archigram. Birkhäuser Verlag Basel, Berlin 1991

[133] Cook, Peter / Chalk, Warren / Crompton, Dennis / Greene, David / Herron, Ron / Webb, Mike. Archigram. Princeton Architectural Press, New York 1999.

[134] Cowan, Henry J. The master builders. A history of structural and environmental design from ancient Egypt to the nineteenth Century. John Wiley & Sons, New York 1977

[135] Delhumeau, Gwenaël / Gubler, Jaques / Legault, Réjean / Simonnet, Cyrille. Le béton en representation, la mémoire photographique de l’entreprise Hennebique. 1890-1930. Editions Hazan, París 1993

[136] Dent, Roger N. Principles of pneumatic architecture. The Architectural Press, Londres 1971

[137] Devos, Rika / de Kooning, Mil. L’architecture moderne à l’Expo 58. Dexia, Bruxelles 2006

[138] Dickinson. Dickinson’s comprehensive pictures of the great exhibition of 1851. Dickinson Brothers, London, 1852

[139] Doordan, Dennis P. Twentieth-Century architecture. Laurence King, London 2001

[140] Ducuing, François. L' Exposition Universelle de 1867 illustrée. Paris, 1867

[141] Dunlop, Beth / Hector, Denis. 3 Architecture. Ed. Phaidon, London 1999

[142] Durrell Stone, Edward. Edward Durrell Stone. The evolution of an architect. Horizon Press, New York 1962

[143] Eekhout, Mick. Architecture in space structures. Uitfeverij 010 Publishers, Roterdam 1989.

[144] Eiffel, Gustave / Lemoine, Bertrand. La Tour de trois cents mètres (Facsímil del original publicado en París por Lemercier en 1900). Taschen, Köln, 2006

[145] Eiffel, M. Communication de M. Eiffel sur les travaux de fondation de la Tour de 300 mètres. Comunication de M. Contamin sur l’etat d’avancement des travaux a executer au Champ de Mars. Societe des ingénieurs civils. Ext
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1705

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Metadata

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

© ICOMOS
http://www.international.icomos.org
openarchive(at)icomos.org