Stakeholder Viewpoints of Island Cultural Heritage Protection - Case Study of Kinmen and Xiamen

Yang, Pei-Yao and Hsu, Shao-liang (2018) Stakeholder Viewpoints of Island Cultural Heritage Protection - Case Study of Kinmen and Xiamen. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Kinmen (Quemoy) and Xiamen (Amoy) are twin islands of South East China but separated by China Civil War since 1949. There are many historical buildings and traditional settlements remaining due to the long term sovereignty dispute between Taiwan and China. Many studies empathized on the tangible heritage protection between National Park settlements in Kinmen and isle Kulangsu in Xiamen, few explored the intangible context for the buildings’ owners and communities. This study discusses the relationship between the historical buildings preservation and community perception through case studies and binary opposition stakeholder viewpoints of "authority subjectivity" and "stakeholder subjectivity". The twin islands are under totally different political and economic systems but face the same dilemmas: the owners of historical buildings are overseas or shared by big families. The owners are incapable of large-scale repairs or reconstructing the buildings. Both Kinmen and Xiamen are in need of viable models for the protection, repair and re-utilization of those historical buildings. The study identified the following two approaches: (1) Kinmen’s model is equity orientation driven, decentralized, and managed by individuals, the stakeholder as the main body, focus on the intangible heritage context and the community relationship of the traditional settlement; (2) Xiamen’s model is utilitarian orientation driven, centralized, and managed by a professional entity under the city government, the authority as the main body, focuses on the tangible heritage landscape and the market interests of the historical buildings. Finally, a new model as communitarian orientation suggested, both the authority and stakeholder as inter-subjectivity, focus on the whole value of tangible heritage and intangible community context.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Yang, Pei-YaoUNSPECIFIED
Hsu, Shao-liangUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: Islands; war damage; repairs; reconstruction; cultural policy; community participation; equity; historical buildings; Debates; stakeholders; tangible heritage; intangible heritage; Cultural heritage; tradition; management of cultural heritage; values; China; Taiwan
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 04. Rehabilitation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 14. Historic urban landscapes
K.LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES > 03. National/Regional legislations
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Kinmen; Xiamen
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2018 08:52
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2018 09:06
References: Bin, Su.(2014)“The Crisis and Countermeasures of Cultural Inheritance of Gulangyu Island”,

master's thesis, Huaqiao University, China.

Bo-Wei, Chiang(2014),Investigation and Analysis of Buildings in kinmen National Park, Kinmen:

Kinmen National Park Headquarters. Taiwan.

H.-M., Tsai(2003) “Island biocultural assemblages: the case of Kinmen Islan”. Geografiska Annaler B,

85 (2003):209-218.

Li, Yu and Zhuoying Liu (2010) “Cultures and Community in the Process of Urban Development and

Rehabilitation: Analysis of Gulangyu Model Xiamen.”. Urban Planning International, Vol.25, No.6.

Ping-Hsiang Hsu(2014) “The Research of Adaptive Reuse of Traditional Houses in Kinmen National

Park, Taiwan”.Journal of architecture and planning (2014) VOL.15 NO.1:1-20.

Qiang, Liu(2017), “The Research on the Historic Urban Landscape Approach of Kulangsu. ” master's

thesis, North China University of Technology, China.
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1931

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