The role of Cultural Heritage in building peace, international understanding and reconciliation: Heritage as a peace conveyor

Cattarini Leger, Elena (2018) The role of Cultural Heritage in building peace, international understanding and reconciliation: Heritage as a peace conveyor. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

ICOR 179; “Conservation and enhancement of the architectural and monumental heritage after the 1992-95 Bosnia war.” Bosnia and Herzegovina have been part of Ottoman Empire for some ten centuries, and the countries are covered with monuments and objects of Islamic inheritance. During the 1992-95 terrible war, some 1185 mosques, 335 Islamic monuments, and thousands of private houses have been damaged or destroyed, and populations suffered enormously. The project carried out in autumn 2002, after Bosnia war, in Italy, by Trieste University: Faculty of Architecture in the framework of the "UNESCO Chair in Cultural Heritage” with the objective of developing a more friendly relationship between populations of Bosnia, Serbia and Kossowo through practical and theoretical workshops aiming to restore religious monuments, damaged in the war. During the project Italian teachers organized: three training seminars in Trieste University and workshops in Bosnia, with the collaboration of the University of Sarajevo. With the objective of repairing some mosques and religious monuments, they also made some visits in Italian towns, to study restored monuments, namely in IV century Basilica in Aquileia. The objective was to make students attend to a technical and scientific programme in order to overcome political feelings. After theoretical Seminars organised in Trieste and Sarajevo Universities a practical workshops was carried out in a Bosnia village. In Prusac where a mosque was studied in depth and restored, Italian professors pointed out that the most important questions was to respect pre-existing buildings in rehabilitation and adapt them to nowadays situation. Considering that the most important problem was not technical but ethical, therefore the workshop focused the study of old structure of mosques and other religious buildings; this method of pointing out the traditional building methods of Islam buildings and of sharing modern restoration techniques together, helped to overcome the severe pains and problems they suffered during the Bosnia war and to create a constructive atmosphere between the participants.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Cattarini Leger, ElenaUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: Religions; War; Ethics; Heritage; reconstruction; monuments; cultural heritage; Bosnia war; Islamic heritage; Ottoman empire; damage; destruction; restoration; training; post-war; healing; community
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
G.DETERIORATION > 04. Effects of deterioration
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 07. Education
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 10:03
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 16:14
References: 2002. UNESCO /Unit-win Unit-win Chair Report:”Protection, restoration and enhancement of monumental

and architectural heritage of the great cultures that have crossed the Balkan Peninsula”. Trieste University
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1979

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