Conflict and Reconciliation in Traditional Settlement Conservation- A case study of Chyonglin village of Kinmen, Taiwan

Tseng, Yi-Jen (2018) Conflict and Reconciliation in Traditional Settlement Conservation- A case study of Chyonglin village of Kinmen, Taiwan. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Kinmen, formerly known as Quemoy, has been known for the Quemoy Crisis following the Chinese civil war in 1949. The four long decades of military control unintentionally left the islands with a large number of traditional settlements. Kinmen National Park was founded in 1995 to protect and control the development of the villages based on zoning. Since 1999, an incentive of up to 50% of the expenses has been allocated to buildings restoration. With the scheme, many residential houses and guest houses have been conserved and reused in the past two decades. The style of the settlements has been successfully maintained and Kinmen was thus selected as one of Taiwan's eighteen potential sites for World Heritage nomination in 2010. However, consider Chyonglin village, the most largely conserved settlement. Due to small spaces in the traditional buildings and insufficient living functions in the village, opposition to protection is strongly voiced from the community. Even wish to separate from the National Park area is expressed. One of the causes is that the plan for floor area incentive was developed without considering actual needs of the community. Besides, the younger generation is reluctant to return and live in their native village as the buildings conserved according to strict regulations in the core zone do not meet the requirements for a modern life. Conflicts are thus inevitable due to lacking effective communication between government and community. In 2016, regulations on settlement conservation were amended and more incentive plans were introduced to create new opportunities for settlement conservation. In this paper, the conflicts arising and the reconciliation reached during the conservation of Chyonglin are studied as an example to explore different perspectives between government and community on heritage conservation and resulting issues. The study may provide crucial reference for prospective heritage conservation practices.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Tseng, Yi-JenUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: peace; identity; disaster; community; Chinese civil war; Taiwan; China; restoration; conservation; modern life; inadequate; conflict; Chyonglin
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 04. Rehabilitation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 03. Presentation
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
National Committee: ICOMOS
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 10:03
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2018 10:03
References: Kinmen National Park Administration Office. (2012). Kinmen National Park Plan (Second Overall

Review).(In Chinese)

Kinmen National Park Administration Office. (2015). Implementation Guidelines for Incentives and

Subsidies for Conservation of Style and Appearance of Traditional Buildings.(In Chinese)

Kinmen National Park Administration Office. (2017). Detailed Plan for General Control Zone of the First

Category in the Kinmen National Park (draft amendment after the first overall review).(In Chinese)

Military Affairs Bureau. (2009). Ministry of National Defense (editors). The Sea Battle of 823, National

Army Military History Series, Vol. 4. Taipei: Military Affairs Bureau, Ministry of National Defense. (In

Chinese)

Szonyi, M. (2008). Cold War Island: Quemoy on the Front Line. Cambridge: Cambridge University

Press.

Tsai, M. (2011). ‘A Research on the Practice of Conservation System for Traditional Settlements :A

Case Study of Kinmen National Park’, M.A. Graduate Institute of Culture and History of Hokkien,

Kinmen.(In Chinese)

Tsai, P. (2009). ‘From Traditional Village to Combat Villages: A case study on Chyongl in Quemoy’,

M.A. Graduate Institute of Culture and History of Hokkien, Kinmen.(In Chinese)
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1981

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