City lakes as heritage settings: West Lake, Hangzhou and Lake Burley Griffin, Canberra

Ramsay, Juliet (2005) City lakes as heritage settings: West Lake, Hangzhou and Lake Burley Griffin, Canberra. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Cities are greatly enhanced by locations on water be they harbours, rivers, estuaries or lakes with many of the water settings also functioning as an industrial resource heavy with traffic and industrial infrastructure. However, the city lakes, West Lake in Hangzhou, China, and Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, Australia, are purely picturesque features and their success as settings is, to a large degree, due to their tranquillity as garden lakes and their modest scale. In both cases the lakes have integral landscape settings of parks and hills. They are also settings for capital cities as well as for countless heritage features and their settings are valued and managed as major cultural features. This paper examines some of the heritage landscape/lakescape features and the setting qualities of these two urban lakes that are located continents apart and are the products of very different cultures. Using the lake examples, consideration is given to defining the settings of large heritage features such as lakes, while a brief perspective is offered on the adequacy of existing heritage guidelines for settings, and how World Heritage site settings can be considered. A final discussion is based on the culturally specific, yet similar qualities of the two lakes and their settings.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Ramsay, JulietUNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: setting; towns; lakes; landscapes; management; World Heritage
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 11. Historic landscapes
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 12. Historic towns and villages
M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 02. World Cultural and Natural Heritage
Name of monument, town, site, museum: West Lake, Hangzhou, China; Lake Burley Griffin, Canberra, Australia
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2010 08:22
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:14
References: 1. Australia ICOMOS. 1992 The Burra Charter, the Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance.

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4. Commonwealth Government. “Lake Burley Griffin Conservation Area”. Indicative place report (2003). Australian Heritage Database.

5. Hangzhou Municipal Government. 2005 Unpublished paper on West Lake from the Office of the Mayor.

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10. Reid, Paul. 2002 Canberra Following Griffin. National Archives of Australia, Canberra.

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12. The Getty Conservation Institute. 2002 Principles for the Conservation of Heritage Sites in China. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles.

13. The National Capital Authority. 2004 The Griffin Legacy. The Commonwealth of Australia.

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15. UNESCO. 1976 Recommendation Concerning the Safeguarding and Contemporary Role of Historic Areas. UNESDOC (PDF)

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18. Waugh, T. 1984 The Travels of Marco Polo. Translated from the Italian by Maria Bellonci. Sidgwick and Jackson, London
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/287

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