Modern era and postwar landscapes: Significance of place through balance of impact and change

Normandin, Kyle C. (2005) Modern era and postwar landscapes: Significance of place through balance of impact and change. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

One of the principal challenges in considering protective measures for cultural heritage, landscapes, and sites, including the modern and post war periods, lies in the ability to assess how the use of buildings and landscapes change over time. Comparative analysis illustrates that new uses for historic or cultural fabric of a monument often vary. If a program of heritage protection for an object or landscape is to be thoroughly considered, the surrounding environment including cultural heritage site or object should be identified and documented for potential threats. Not only can economic, environmental, and political factors change the setting of cultural heritage and urban landscapes, but uncontrolled commercial development can gradually reduce and erode their meaning and significance. Any change of the setting can greatly influence and have a diminishing affect on distinguishing architectural heritage. While there are increasing numbers of heritage protection ordinances and guidelines throughout many cities in North America, there is also a lack of understanding and implementation of these standards. There is also a continued shift in the manner in which a growing number in our society interpret the diverse meanings which architectural heritage can represent. Increasingly, there is a trend to juxtapose the innovation of high tech fabrication represented by new sophisticated components of glass and allied building systems against the historic fabric of our time, which becomes a mere staged backdrop. Contemporary design and imploding stylistic trends can help give a historic building new life, but often the resulting effect may seem to be a continued erosion of the original historic and cultural fabric that blends with an ever expanding (and ever encroaching) urban environment. This growing trend is visible and witnessed often throughout the Americas, Western Europe, and Asia. In cities throughout North and South America, e.g., New York City, Mexico City, and Buenos Aires, economic and development pressures continue to increase sited urban development zones and change infrastructure in ways that affect cultural heritage resources. Initiation of impact assessment processes as utilized in the field of environmental and natural heritage must be implemented to assess protection measures within heritage settings that may generate appropriate choices and responses for managing change. This paper will examine various methodologies on how to identify, maintain, and incorporate key features to identify, signify, and form a sense of place for modern heritage and representative icons in cities of the twenty-first century. By identifying the actual or potential impacts of improving, developing, and implementing legislative regulatory, administrative, or management plans to address the needs for protection and adequate control of settings of monuments, sites, and other types of heritage places, changes in the settings of monuments will be explored

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Normandin, Kyle C.UNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: landscapes; setting; historic urban landscapes; modern architecture; legal protection; 20th Century; conservation plans
Subjects: H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 14. Historic urban landscapes
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 11. Historic landscapes
D.URBANISM > 02. Urban planning
C.ARCHITECTURE > 03. Styles of architecture
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2010 15:31
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:14
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/296

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