Land-use and change in Khmer settlements: cultural environment and the "salt road"
Sutthitham, Thada (2005) Land-use and change in Khmer settlements: cultural environment and the "salt road". In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]
Abstract (in English)
Spiritual and geographical consideration giving birth to Southeast Asian settlements was studied. The incremental and decisive changes from modern development in the 20th century have altered historical plans obviously. Among Southeast Asian cultures, Khmer civilization was the most glorious and occupied almost Southeast Asian continent during the 5th-13th centuries. Road network extended from Cambodia to Thailand and Lao. Satellite imageries and aerial photographs along with field surveys were used to identify land uses and changes to Khmer settlements. The main road approximately 230 kilometers, linking Angkor to Phimai was indicated and named “salt road”. Phimai was the upland and ancient salt manufacturing center. Settlements along the roads were cities with stone and brick monuments and pottery manufacturing sites (produced for liquor and fermented fish). Geometrical city plans and their cultural landscapes with unique water management system were revealed. These cultural environment and landscapes have not either been preserved along with monuments or conserved in their significant cultural corridor context. As the result, an ECP (Eco-Cultural Planning) approach is also proposed for the conservation of monuments along with their cultural environment and landscapes under the sustainable development paradigm.
|Item Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Keywords:||land-use; cultural route; Khmer civilization; setting; cultural environment; historical settlements; salt road|
|Subjects:||H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 07. Cultural routes
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 05. Sites
|Name of monument, town, site, museum:||Khmer sites|
|ICOMOS Special Collection:||Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)|
|ICOMOS Special Collection Volume:||2005, 15th|
|Depositing User:||Jose Garcia|
|Date Deposited:||09 Dec 2010 12:25|
|Last Modified:||13 Jan 2011 19:15|
|References:||1. Rykwert. 1989. Idea of A Town. London: MIT Press.
2. Suttitum, Tada. 1995. Historical Conservation Planning. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Waterloo, Canada.
3. Sutthitham, Thada. 2001. Settlement Plans in Thailand: The Land Use and Change in KhmerSettlements in the Northeast. Khon Kaen: Pim Pattana.
4. Supajanya, Thiva. et.al.1992. “Surface Expression on Shallow Salt Dome in Northeast Thailand” in Geologic Resources of Thailand: Potential for Future Development, Proceedings of a National Conference. Bangkonk, Thailand.
5. World Commisson on Environment and Development (WCED). 1987. Our Common Future. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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