The reconstruction of the Great Buddha of Bamiyan, Afghanistan

Gruen, A., Remondino, F. and Zhang, L. (2002) The reconstruction of the Great Buddha of Bamiyan, Afghanistan. In: Estrategias relativas al patrimonio cultural mundial. La salvaguarda en un mundo globalizado. Principios, practicas y perspectivas. 13th ICOMOS General Assembly and Scientific Symposium. Actas. Comité Nacional Español del ICOMOS, Madrid, pp. 49-55. [Book Section]

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Abstract (in English)

The statues of Bamiyan were demolished on March 2001 by the Taleban, using mortars, dynamite, anti-aircraft weapons and rockets (Figure 4). The Buddhists, the world community, ONU and UNESCO failed to convince the Taleban to leave such works of cultural heritage. The fundamentalist Islamic militia, which has governed most of Afghanistan from 1996 to December 2001, followed an edict of its supreme leader who ordered a campaign of destruction to rid the land of all non-Islamic graven images. The Taleban refused also an offer to build a big wall in front of the statues to cover them and they blasted into dust the two giants. For the Afghanistan militia «... the Buddhas violate the Islamic prohibition against sacred images. They are false idols that must be destroyed. The statues should be destroyed so that they are not worshipped now or in the future ...».

Item Type: Book Section
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Gruen, A.UNSPECIFIED
Remondino, F.UNSPECIFIED
Zhang, L.UNSPECIFIED
Languages: English
Keywords: destruction of cultural heritage; demolition; Buddha statues; reconstruction; photogrammetry; computer techniques
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 12. Techniques
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 03. Monuments
F.SCIENTIFIC TECHNIQUES AND METHODOLOGIES OF CONSERVATION > 38. Photogrammetric surveys
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 09. Historic buildings
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Buddhas of Bamiyan, Afghanistan
UNESCO WHC Number: 208
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2002, 13th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2010 08:24
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:16
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/537

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