Avoiding the tragedy: Recommendations for an appropriation of Elinor Ostrom’s design principles in governing a commons within the context of built heritage conservation in the Philippines

Vitug, Marianne Claire (2018) Avoiding the tragedy: Recommendations for an appropriation of Elinor Ostrom’s design principles in governing a commons within the context of built heritage conservation in the Philippines. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

The sad reality in the Philippines is that it has, in the past few decades, earned the notoriety for not protecting its important historic structures. Several scholars and leading figures in the local art and culture scene have both postulated and lamented that this could have been no more than a function of the Filipinos’ general lack of appreciation of their history. This sweeping statement, though tragic in so many ways, has been embraced by several sectors in the population and became an oft-quoted reason for the continued destruction of several historically and culturally significant buildings. But what if this is not exactly true? This paper argues that the reason Filipinos inadvertently “allow” the demise of their manifested patrimony is that they have yet to figure out their role in the preservation of these sites. It is likely that regular citizens have to be engaged by formal state institutions and allow them to participate in the preparation of conservation policies. This argument adheres to a movement that has begun a few years back when the world witnessed an explosion of scholarship around cultural heritage being considered as a “common property” or a “commons”. The late Elinor Ostrom, following and widening the footsteps of Garrett Hardin before her, wrote several books on how different entities interact to determine how their “commons” would be governed. This research, by looking at several local case studies, endeavours to appropriate Ostrom’s framework in the Philippine context and would study its viability.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Vitug, Marianne Claire
Languages: English
Keywords: commons; governance; sustainability; engagement; Philippines; destruction; identity; population; citizens; participate; state; collaborate; Elinor Ostrom
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 10. Education and training
G.DETERIORATION > 02. Causes of deterioration
P. GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 04. Asia and Pacific islands
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2018 17:26
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2019 15:10
References: Hardin, G. (1968) The Tragedy of the Commons, Science vol. 162. P. 241-248

McGinnis, M, Ostrom, E. (1992) Design Principles for Local and Global Commons. Indiana University.

P. 1-50

Ostrom, E. (1990) Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action.

Cambridge University Press. P.1-216

Santagata, W., Bertacchini, E., Bravo, G., and Marrelli, M. (2011) Cultural Commons and Cultural

Communities. P. 1-13
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1945

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