Case Study: the reconstruction of Beirut, Lebanon: Challenges, identities and models

Ishac, Siame H. (2018) Case Study: the reconstruction of Beirut, Lebanon: Challenges, identities and models. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

The city of Beirut LEBANON was the scene of a civil war for 30 years. Armed conflicts have affected the center of the historic city with its components of modern city, built on strata of known or unknown cities, but which shaped the city then without a town plan and without awareness of its treasures. The face of the city appears during the reconstruction, the old cities with their historical markings and traces were unveiled. State bodies have taken charge of the reconstruction and enhancement of archaeological sites as well as the recent heritage, memory of a recent past, social and collective. A virtual city appears; it outlines peace and tries to keep watch over its identity. After 4 years of studies and 10 years of work, the project can be qualified as a technical success but beyond this success, underlying social and socio-cultural aspects could be erased. Today the city lives with its new components, its strategies and offers a vision far from authentic but with an approach that can be considered eclectic. The presentation tends to show the process of reconstruction from the draft to date by trying to explore its limits based on rights for citizens, and for the renewal of the city. What is the effect of this reconstruction and how peace was built in this historic centre, how did cultural heritage participate in reconciliation, what about identity and authenticity, how do we envision the reconstruction of historic post-war cities with this model, which guarantees of peace after conflict which probably give rise to other conflicts. Can this rediscovered city model be replicated, what approach to rights? What participatory democracy must be put in place?

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Ishac, Siame H.
Languages: English
Keywords: peace; rights-based approach; cultural identity; reconciliation; cultural heritage; Lebanon; Beirut; armed conflicts; war damage; reconstruction; archaeological sites; authenticity; community participation; participatory democracy
G.DETERIORATION > 04. Effects of deterioration
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 03. Archaeological sites
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 13:05
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 14:57
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