Industrial heritage as a reconciliation milieu of post-conflict areas

Ifko, Sonja and Martinovic, Ana (2018) Industrial heritage as a reconciliation milieu of post-conflict areas. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Cultural identity is a building block and a symbol of identity; thus, in armed conflict it is often, if not as a general rule, exposed to destruction, in contradiction with the provisions of The Hague Convention and other international documents. Following the establishment of peace in conflict areas, its protection is a sensitive subject, particularly when referring to specific heritage categories directly linked to religious, national, and ethnic identities. This is particularly evident in the case of Mostar, a city in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which saw many changes in the inter-ethnic war following the break-up of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s and then in its post-conflict transition. Unfortunately, the city is increasingly segregated based on ethnicity, while establishing a space for dialogue exceeding the existing continuity is necessary for the future of the city. To overcome this situation, we must first find the common starting-points, particularly in the legacy that inhabitants perceive as common and positive, and build future development on this foundation. Industrial heritage that is not ethnically burdened, but testifies to the common success of a city, i.e. of all its inhabitants in the pre-conflict period, is thus the basis – a common starting point of urban regeneration. Industrial heritage is also what allows for, due to its design, various types of uses that can become the generators of urban regeneration not only in the spatial sense, but mostly by taking on the role of generators of social change. The important role of industrial heritage in providing social cohesion is demonstrated by the cases from Western Europe as well as the experience from the first workshop on this topic in Mostar. This paper will present in detail the evolving model, which summarises these experiences and draws attention to industrial heritage of the city as a vital channel through which communities can participate collectively to reconcile for a more successful future life of the city.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Ifko, Sonja
Martinovic, Ana
Languages: English
Keywords: industrial heritage; reconciliation; identity; post-conflict; destruction of cultural heritage; Hague Convention; peace; protection of cultural heritage; conservation; Cultural identity; Bosnia and Herzegovina; ethnology; resilience; industrial heritage; enhancement; presentation; social aspects
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 04. Rehabilitation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 03. Economic values of heritage
N.ANTHROPOLOGY > 03. Ethnology
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2018 13:05
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2018 15:34
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