Knowledge Café 4.3: Rural landscapes of the 20th Century

Landi, Stefania, Lenza, Concetta and Ulivieri, Denise (2019) Knowledge Café 4.3: Rural landscapes of the 20th Century. In: ICOMOS 2019 Advisory Committee Scientific Symposium - Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond, 17 October 2019, Marrakesh, Morocco. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

During the 20th Century, rural landscapes all over the world underwent rapid transformations as a result of many factors - including new socio-political and economic conditions, new agricultural practices and the mechanization of agriculture - resulting in radical transformations of land uses and in the introduction of new infrastructures and facilities, necessary for the storage and distribution of an ever increasing amount of products. Based on the existing documents and bibliography relevant to the topic (ICOMOS-IFLA, Principles concerning rural landscapes as heritage, 2017; ICOMOS-ISC20C, Madrid-New Delhi Document. Approaches to the conservation of twentieth-century cultural heritage, 2017; Meeus, Wijermans, Vroom, 1990; Pungetti, Kruse, 2010; Scazzosi, 2018) this Knowledge Cafe aims to analyze how, during the 20th Century, new rural landscapes were created, assuming a historic and cultural significance as witnesses of this crucial period. Significant examples are the land reclamation activities in Europe, the agrarian reforms, the new facilities and transportation networks aimed to support the expanding productions, the new irrigation schemes for agricultural development in inland areas, the realization of model towns. New rural settlements, indeed, were created under totalitarian regimes, whether inside their country or in their colonies, while, after World War II, new settlements were conceived for resettling farmers -often referring to vernacular architecture and rationalist architecture as a model - as a response to the increasing discrepancies between industrialized and rural areas. Finally, it is worth reflecting on the several theoretical proposals for new agrarian societies, in the wake of international examples as the Unité d’Explotation Agricole by Le Corbusier or the Broadacre City by F.L. Wright. Beyond the comparative analysis of rural landscapes of the 20th Century, the final objective will be also to discuss strategies for their sustainable management. (This contribution is developed in collaboration with ICOMOS-ISC20C and ICOMOS Italy working group on 20th Century)

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Landi, Stefania
Lenza, Concetta
Ulivieri, Denise
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural landscapes; rural heritage; rural landscapes; cultural significance; agriculture; agrarian reforms; irrigation systems; land use; rural settlements; architectural heritage; management; case studies; comparative analysis
Subjects: A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 12. Theory of conservation
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 02. Agricultural heritage
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 06. Cultural landscapes
A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 13. Theory of cultural landscapes
National Committee: ICOMOS International
International Scientific Committee: Cultural Landscapes (ICOMOS-IFLA)
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2019 Advisory Committee Scientific Symposium
Depositing User: ICOMOS DocCentre
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 10:01
Last Modified: 22 May 2023 15:37
References: Meeus J.H.A.,Wijermans M.P.,Vroom M.J. (1990) Agricultural Landscapes in Europe and their Transformation, Landscape and Urban Planning, 18(3): 289-352.

Pungetti G., Kruse A. (eds.) (2010). European culture expressed in agricultural landscapes. Perspectives from the Eucaland project.

Scazzosi, L. (2018). Landscapes as systems of tangible and intangible relationships. Small theoretical and methodological introduction to read and evaluate Rural Landscape as Heritage. In Rosina, E., Scazzosi, L. (eds.). The conservation and enhancement of built and landscape heritage. A new life for the ghost village of Mondonico on Lake Como, pp. 19-40. Milan: PoliScript.

Oliver, O. (ed.) (1997). Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World. Vol. I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

ICOMOS-IFLA (2017). Principles concerning rural landscapes as heritage. Accessed October 2, 2019

ICOMOS-ISC20C (2017). Approaches to the conservation of twentieth-century cultural heritage: Madrid New Delhi Document. Accessed October 2, 2019,

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