Archaeology Under the Canopy: Exploring the Culture and Nature of El Pilar and the Maya Forest

Ford, Anabel (2019) Archaeology Under the Canopy: Exploring the Culture and Nature of El Pilar and the Maya Forest. In: 2018 US/ICOMOS Symposium "Forward Together: A Culture-Nature Journey Towards More Effective Conservation in a Changing World", November 13-14, 2018, San Francisco, California. [Conference or Workshop Item]


Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract (in English)

PART 1. ADOPTING A LANDSCAPE APPROACH Stewardship of Biocultural Landscapes in the 21st Century: Forging Community-Based Approaches At the El Pilar Archaeological Reserve for Flora and Fauna in the Maya forest, we are developing Archaeology Under the Canopy to explore: 1) values for conservation inspired by place; 2) culture and nature together as a preservation model for the 21st Century; and 3) alternatives for tourism development that engage visitors in culture with nature. The philosophy is to honor the many ways to knowing. Through the context of experiencing the Maya’s relationship to plant use, land management, forest regeneration, past and present, the living museum leaves an intricate and complex civilization to the imagination while welcoming participation to the protection of the architectural heritage and the Maya forest. This practice of Archaeology Under the Canopy has implications for monument conservation not only for the Maya but all over the world, integrating environmental and cultural contexts of a site and honoring the local and traditional environmental knowledge. Though Archaeology Under the Canopy was conceptualized for the Maya world, it is based on ICOMOS standards of the Athens Charter, the International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites, and the Australia ICOMOS Charter to build a strategy to conserve the nature of the cultural remains.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Ford, Anabel
Languages: English
Keywords: land use; conservation; park management; ancient architecture; Maya; precolombian architecture; values; interpretation; cultural tourism; archaeological heritage; archaeological sites; management; reserves; community participation; forests; human settlements; Guatemala; Belize
Subjects: B. ARCHAEOLOGY > 02. Archaeological site and remains
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 03. Archaeological sites
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 19. Natural sites
I.CULTURAL TOURISM > 02. Tourism management
I.CULTURAL TOURISM > 04. Sustainable tourism
Name of monument, town, site, museum: El Pilar Archaeological Reserve for Maya Flora and Fauna
National Committee: United States of America
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2018 US/ICOMOS Symposium
Depositing User: ICOMOS DocCentre
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2020 14:25
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2020 15:01
References: Adams, Richard E.W. 1969. "Maya Archaeology 1958-1968, A Review." Latin American Research Review 4 (2):3-45.

Awe, Elias A. 2000. Regional Community Action and the El Pilar Archaeological Reserve for Maya Flora and Fauna. Belmopan: Help for Progress.

Awe, Elias A. 2001. Primer Encuentro de Comunifafes Agricolas de la Selva Maya para el Diseno de un Modelo Agro-Forestal: El Pilar: Recobrando Viejas Tradiciones. Belize: Help for Progress.

CONAP, Consejo Nacional de Areas Protegidas. 1997. "Certificación Declaratoria Area del Pilar" Inscrito Acta 16-97. Presidencia de la Republica Guatemala: Guatemala.

Conklin, Harold C. 1954. An Ethnoecological Approach to Shifting Agriculture. Edited by Roy Waldo Miner. Vol. 17, Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences. New York: The New York Academy of Sciences.

Douglas, Peter M. J., Mark Pagani, Timothy I. Eglinton, Mark Brenner, Jason H. Curtis, Andy Breckenridge, and Kevin Johnston. 2018. "A long-term decrease in the persistence of soil carbon caused by ancient Maya land use." Nature Geoscience 11:645–649.

Everton, Macduff. 2012. The Modern Maya: Incidents of Travel and Friendship in Yucatán. 1st ed. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.

Fedick, Scott L. 2003. "In Search of the Maya Forest." In In Search of the Rain Forest, edited by Candace Slater, 133-166. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Ford, Anabel, D. Clark Wernecke. 2002. Trails of El Pilar: A Guide to the El Pilar Archaeological Reserve for Maya Flora and Fauna. First ed. Santa Barbara, California: Exploring Solutions Past.

Ford, Anabel. 1991. "Economic Variation of Ancient Maya Residential Settlement in the Upper Belize River Area." Ancient Mesoamerica 2:35-46.

Ford, Anabel. 2004. "Integration Among Communities, Centers, and Regions: The Case from El Pilar." In The Ancient Maya of the Belize Valley: Half a Century of Archaeological Research, edited by James Garber, 238-256. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Ford, Anabel. 2006. "Adaptive Management and the Community of El Pilar: A Philosophy of Resilience for the Maya Forest." In Of the Past, For the Future: Integrating Archaeology and Conservation, edited by Neville Agnew and Janet Bridgland, 105-112. Washington, D.C.: The Getty Institute.

Ford, Anabel. 2006. The Maya Forest Garden and El Pilar: A Coloring Book: National Institute of Culture and History, Belize.

Ford, Anabel. 2008. "Dominant Plants of the Maya Forest and Gardens of El Pilar: Implications for Paleoenvironmental Reconstructions." Journal of Ethnobiology 28 (2):179-199.

Ford, Anabel. 2014. "Using Cutting-Edge LiDAR Technology at El Pilar, Belize-Guatemala, Discovering Ancient Maya Sites: There is Still a Need for Archaeologists." Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 11:270-280.

Ford, Anabel. 2017. "Valuing the Maya Forest as a Garden." In Exploring Frameworks of Tropical Forest Conservation, edited by Nuria Sanz. Mexico City: UNESCO. Ford, Anabel, and Keith C. Clarke. 2019. "Linking the Past and Present of the Ancient Maya: Lowland Use, Population Distribution, and Density in the Late Classic." In Handbook of Historical Ecology and Applied Archaeology, edited by Christian Isendahl and Daryl Stump, 156-183. Oxford, England: Oxford Unviersity Press.

Ford, Anabel, and Cynthia Ellis. 2013. "Teaching Secrets of Conservation and Prosperity in the Maya Forest." Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 10:305-310.

Ford, Anabel, and Scott L. Fedick. 1992. "Prehistoric Maya Settlement Patterns in the Upper Belize River Area: Initial Results of the Belize River Archaeological Settlement Survey." Journal of Field Archaeology 19:35-49.

Ford, Anabel, and Megan Havdra. 2006. "Archaeology Under the Canopy: Imagining the Maya of El Pilar." In Tourism, Consumption and Representation: Narratives of Place and Self, edited by Kevin Meethan, Alison Anderson and Steve Miles, 67-93. Wallingford, Connecticut: CAB International.

Ford, Anabel, and Sherman Horn III. 2017. "El Pilar Monuments Retrospective & Prospective: Re-Discovering El Pilar" Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 14:87-95. Horn III, Sherman W., and Anabel Ford. 2018. "Classic Maya Household Ceramic Belongings: An Untapped Resource for Understanding Daily Life." Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 15:53-63. Ford, Anabel, and Maggie Knapp. 2014. El Pilar: Archaeology Under the Canopy. Popular Archaeology. Ford, Anabel , and José Antonio Montes. 1999. "Medio Ambiente, Uso de la Tierra y Desarrollo Sostenible: La Reserva Arqueológica El Pilar para Flora y Fauna Mayas de Belice y Guatemala." Mesoamérica 37:31-50.

Ford, Anabel, and Ronald Nigh. 2010. "The Milpa Cycle and the Making of the Maya Forest Garden." Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 7:183-190.

Ford, Anabel, Melanie Santiago-Smith, and John Morris. 2005. " Community Integration and Adaptive Management at El Pilar." Research Reports in Belizean Archaeology 1 (459-470).

Gómez-Pompa, Arturo. 1987. "Tropical Deforestation and Maya Silviculture: An Ecological Paradox." Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany 26 (1):19-37.

Larios Villalta, Carlos Rudy. 2005. Architectural Restoration Criteria in the Maya Area. FAMSI Accessed 2019.

Larios Villalta, Rudy Carlos 2009. "El Reto de Conservación Tikal, Guatemala." In SItios Arqueológicos en el Area Maya: Un Reto Para La Conservación, edited by Carolina Castellanos, Francoise Decamps and Jennifer Carballo, 59-68. Los Angeles: The Getty Conservaiton Institute.

MARC, MesoAmerican Research Center. 2018. "Adaptive Management." MesoAmerican Research Center, University of California, Santa Barbara. Accessed 2018.

MTE, Ministry of Tourism and Environment. 1998. "Ancient Monuments and Antiquities El Pilar Archaeological Reserve for Maya Flora and Fauna Order 1998." In Statutory Instrument No. 54 of 1998. Belmopan: Government of Belize Printery.

Nigh, Ronald. 2008. "Trees, Fire and Farmers: Making Woods and Soil in the Maya Forest." Journal of Ethnobiology 28 (2):231-243.

Perry, Thomas D. , Margaret Breuker, Guillermo Hernandez-Dunqué, and Ralph Mitchell. 2003. "Interaction of Microorganisms with Maya Archaeological Materials." In The Lowland Maya Area: Three Millennia at the Human-Wildland Interface, edited by Arturo Gómez-Pompa, Michael F. Allen, Scott L. Fedick and Juan J. Jimenez-Osornio, 175-192. New York: Food Products Press.

Stephens, John Lloyd, and Catherwood Frederick. 1962 (1854). Incidents of Travel in Yucatan (2 volumes). Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.

Turner II, Billie Lee, and Jeremy A. Sabloff. 2012. "Classic Period Collapse of the Central Maya Lowlands: Insights About Human–Environment Relationships for Sustainability." Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 109 (35):13908-13914.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item



Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics