Anti-seismic vernacular heritage of Anatolia and beyond: Proceedings of the Inter-ISC’18 ICOMOS Inter-ISC meeting and colloquium, July 10-13, 2018 Kastamonu, Turkey

(2018) Anti-seismic vernacular heritage of Anatolia and beyond: Proceedings of the Inter-ISC’18 ICOMOS Inter-ISC meeting and colloquium, July 10-13, 2018 Kastamonu, Turkey. Conference Volume. ICOMOS ISCARSAH Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey, 233p. ISBN 978-605-245-789-4. [Book]

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Abstract (in English)

I. At the Florence triennial General Assembly in 2014, several ISCs expressed interest in the concept of an inter-ISC meeting that revolves around interdisciplinary research on a building type that proliferated throughout the seismic regions of Anatolia. This building typology involves the use of a stone foundation, wood framework and mud-brick or rubble-stone infill to create antiseismic thermally efficient vernacular structures. The ISCs that have expressed interest include ISCEAH (Earthen Architectural Heritage), IIWC (Wood), CIAV (Vernacular Heritage), ICORP (Risk Preparedness), ISCARSAH (Analysis and Restoration of Structures), CIVVIH (Historic Towns and Villages), and ISCES (Energy and Sustainability), ISCS (Stone), and CIPA (Documentation). The joint meeting would bring an unprecedented number of ISCs together and review an architectural typology from various disciplinary approaches. In addition to ISCs, certain National Committees may also be interested in participating. II. Wood-framed stone and mud-brick buildings can be found throughout the Balkans, Turkey, Armenia, and the Middle East. The practice is particularly effective in seismic zones. The stone foundation acts as a damp course against rising damp, and the wood framework as the skeleton that supports the floors and roofs if the walls collapse during an earthquake. The wood sills/ring beams installed at regular intervals knit the vertical framework together and dampen the impact of seismic shaking. The floor and roof wood framing acts as a diaphragm. III. SHATIS’17 is organized jointly by the Hasan Kalyoncu University Faculty of Fine Arts and Architecture and Yıldız Technical University Research Center for Preservation of Historical Heritage. This biannually held conference provides an international and interdisciplinary forum for researchers, experts and people from application to exchange their experience and knowledge and disseminate information on preservation of timber structure. Its aim is to enhance knowledge, increase awareness of the current technology and methodology and encourage studies of different disciplines working on timber structures. Contributions of different disciplines from 20 countries present their own experience and ongoing research activities in an interdisciplinary way. IV. The following areas of research are contemplated: − What are the historical origins of this anti-seismic typology? − Did the Ottoman Empire affect the spread of this form or was it already prevalent? − What are the typical characteristics and shared-built heritage of the wood-framed masonry vernacular structure? − What are the energy-efficiencies of this type of architecture? − How does this form behave structurally in a seismic event? − What variations of this form have evolved for denser urban settings? − What is the current rate survival of this vernacular construction? − Has this form of vernacular architecture been well documented? − What steps are being taken to raise awareness about the efficacy of this form in resisting seismic activities and in sustainability? − Are there case studies for adaptive reuse? [Preface by Dr. Görün Arun, chair of the meeting]

Item Type: Book (Conference Volume)
Vatan, Meltem
Languages: English
Keywords: vernacular architecture; earthquake resistance; masonry; timber framing; stone cutting; building techniques; traditional techniques; documentation; conservation; photogrammetry; 3D modeling; case studies; Turkey; Greece; North Macedonia; Algeria; India; Bhutan
Subjects: C.ARCHITECTURE > 04. Building materials
C.ARCHITECTURE > 05. Building techniques
G.DETERIORATION > 05. Prevention of deterioration
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 27. Vernacular architecture
National Committee: Turkey
International Scientific Committee: Analysis and Restoration of Structures of Architectural Heritage
Number of Pages: 233
ISBN: 978-605-245-789-4
Depositing User: ICOMOS DocCentre
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2022 16:30
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 16:30

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