The Route of the Conquerors of the New World: Span at Taraparacá Ravine

Binda Compton, Edwin (2005) The Route of the Conquerors of the New World: Span at Taraparacá Ravine. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

This work is focused on a significant distance of approximately 130 kilometers of which was the ancient Route that connected north and south of the South American territory, between the Pacific Ocean and the high plains of the Andes mountains. The space located in the Fault of Tarapacá in the North Chile (latitude south 19°55’, longitude 69°, and height of 995 to 3150 meters above sea level) was part of the road that was the beginning of the Seaside Inca Trail and which allowed the communication, administration and domain of the Southern area of the Empire (TWANTISUYO). Then it became the main Trail of the Spanish Crown (The Route of the Conquistadores and then of the King’s Route) in order to communicate to administrative and evangelize the Crown’s possessions in the south (Finis Terrae). Its role in both cases was initially strategic, political, military and administrative but then it became a commercial trail for trade and cultural interchange, and also for religious pilgrimage for the local festivities. 2. Local Press: Articles and photographic material Published due to the June 13, 2005 Earthquake. . Its importance is given by the concentration in a space Route of the evidence of valuable natural heritage which is untouched on these walls. Also, there is a variety of cultural spot, which are an evidence of different times in history. There is a valuable property, which can be summarized in urban and architectural structures (about 17 little villages). To the above, there is a religious heritage of antique data that can be added and which is of great interest. As for the intangible heritage this is still alive (rituals and festivities on one side and the way of life and social interaction on the other)

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Binda Compton, Edwin
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural route; cultural landscape; authenticity; conservation; legal protection; integrity; villages; rituals
Subjects: H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 07. Cultural routes
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 06. Cultural landscapes
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Taraparacá, Chile
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2010 16:00
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:15
References: 1. Binda Compton, Edwin – Trebbi del Trevigniano, Romolo – Miniño Vera, José Miguel – Lizama Diaz, Carlos: “Tarapacá, Religious Architecture of the Confine”. (Waiting financing to be published)

2. Local Press: Articles and photographic material Published due to the June 13, 2005 Earthquake

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