Ózd: An abandoned industrial site

Vacszi, Piroska (2003) Ózd: An abandoned industrial site. In: 14th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Place, memory, meaning: preserving intangible values in monuments and sites’, 27 – 31 oct 2003, Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

The economic and political circumstances of the almost past twenty years started an extremely quick and massive destruction in legally not protected areas of our industrial cultural heritage: this means the destruction of specific buildings, traditional industrial sites and regions’ characteristics of the industry. Ózd Ironworks is a unique example of Hungarian largescale industrial areas which is dated back to the mid-19th century based on the production of local coal mines. The town and its surroundings shows how industry and social conditions developed simultaneously: the factory which is the traditional centre and the generativ power of the town structure with its residential areas and row of public buildings represent a characteristic atmosphere. The spirit of the place can be catched in this town structure and in the living memory of the local inhabitants, in their customs and in the special name of the places. All of these reflect a vanished life in the abandoned scenery of the past. The question is how we can built up again, or keep these social, architectural, industrial, natural and traditional values without the original meaning and background. Namely, in the 1990’s with the change of political regime, large-scale industry ceased to exist in Hungary, leaving significant factories, including Ózd, without work. The once 50-hectare central industrial area has seen many of its buildings demolished and several civic and residential buildings were left abandoned and empty. In the lecture it is shown where one can catch the special atmosphere of the site. a new project worked out by the National Office of the Cultural Heritage is outlined, in which one tries to keep these very complex values of the site.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Vacszi, Piroska
Languages: English
Keywords: industrial heritage; industrial site; industrial town; ironworks; spirit of place; abandon; legal protection
Subjects: G.DETERIORATION > 02. Causes of deterioration
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 16. Industrial and technical heritage
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Ózd, Hungary
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2003, 14th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2010 09:06
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:15
URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/480

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