The contribution made by mobilization of residents associations in the conservation of urban areas: the case of the Protected Areas of the Cultural Environment (APACs) of Rio de Janeiro city in the 1980s

Cesar, Julio and Sampaio, Ribeiro (2018) The contribution made by mobilization of residents associations in the conservation of urban areas: the case of the Protected Areas of the Cultural Environment (APACs) of Rio de Janeiro city in the 1980s. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

This work intends to discuss the origin and repercussions of the mobilization of residents associations in the conservation of urban areas, and the role of this legacy in the integration of the cultural heritage with the sustainable urban development models. The article is divided into four parts. It begins with a brief description of the trajectory of urban area conservation with special emphasis on the consolidation of the interaction among the physical, social and economic domains along the lines proposed by Lichfield (1988), Tiesdell, Oc and Heath (1996). In the next step, there is assessment of the emergence of the conservationist mobilizations organized by residents associations, arising from the antagonism between development and conservation in the postwar period. Notably, this conjuncture is founded on the paradigms of Jane Jacobs and the public mobilization for the conservation of Covent Garden, in London, during the 1970s. The third part concentrates on the Brazilian case of Rio de Janeiro city throughout the 80s, stemming from the precursor conservationist initiatives on the part of various residents associations, based on previous analogous situations. It was that experience that gave rise to the Protected Cultural Heritage Areas (Áreas de Proteção do Ambiente Cultural), the Brazilian version of the conservation areas, which integrated the parameters of protection, conservation, building and urban legislation, which were incorporated into the first Master Plan for the city in 1992 and transformed into a national reference. Examination of this context takes place, above all, in the discussion of the Bairro Peixoto Residents Association, by means of the reassessment of a monograph specialized in urban sociology, unpublished, written at the end of the 1980s constituting, perhaps, the sole reference available on this theme. Finally, the work will study the consequences of the contributions of these residents associations in the current context of Rio de Janeiro urban policy, principally as to whether these arduously defended areas are contemplated in a social manner in the development strategies.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Cesar, Julio
Sampaio, Ribeiro
Languages: English
Keywords: Rio de Janeiro; conservation; community; local; strategy; development; urban; resident; association
Subjects: D.URBANISM > 02. Urban planning
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 11. Legal protection and Administration
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2018 13:47
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2019 11:09
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