Understanding Development Preferences of Visitors and Local Communities for Sustenance of World Heritage Sites : A Case of Ellora caves

Kamalapurka, Shubhada and Natu, Abhijit (2018) Understanding Development Preferences of Visitors and Local Communities for Sustenance of World Heritage Sites : A Case of Ellora caves. In: ICOMOS 19th General Assembly and Scientific Symposium "Heritage and Democracy", 13-14th December 2017, New Delhi, India. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Evaluation of Heritage and its conservation should be based on the values that are perceived by various stakeholders. This makes the process of conservation, complex and sometimes difficult. Visitors at heritage sites, have different motivations of visit. They have expectations from heritage sites, different from those of the local communities. Hence their preferences for development at these sites may differ with the local communities, thereby posing challenges in conservation and development of the heritage sites. This paper presents the findings of research carried out at Ellora, the World heritage site in Maharashtra. Face to face interviews were carried out using a structured interview schedule. 141 local communities and 319 visitors were interviewed. Preferences for developmental activities formed an important part of the schedule. Preferences were solicited for 19 items on a five point Likert scale. Preferences of the visitors and local communities were compared using Mann-Whitney test. Of the 19 variables, visitors and local communities differ on 17 variables, indicating differences in preferences for development of heritage sites. The median values show that they are more preferred by Local communities than visitors, showing keen interest in the developmental activities in and around Ellora caves. Difference in means values of home stay facility shows higher interest of local communities in providing accommodation for the visitors for more economic benefits. Preference for Space and facilities for Art and Cultural festival and Space and facilities for religious festivals is higher of local communities; shows not only economic dimension but also the cultural dimension of the community. It can be concluded that Local communities have social and cultural associations with World Heritage Site and other religious structures in the region. It is suggested that the conservation and development should not be tourism centric but inclusive of needs and aspirations of the local communities for sustainable development of World Heritage Sites.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Kamalapurka, Shubhada
Natu, Abhijit
Languages: English
Keywords: stakeholders; values; heritage conservation; development; sustainability; conservation; comparison; India; tourism; community
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
I.CULTURAL TOURISM > 04. Sustainable tourism
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
National Committee: ICOMOS International
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 19th General Assembly, New Delhi, 2017
Depositing User: intern icomos
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2018 15:47
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2019 11:22
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URI: https://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1957

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