Challenging the Nature and Culture of Ourselves: Managing the English Lake District as a Global Property

Lund, Jamie (2019) Challenging the Nature and Culture of Ourselves: Managing the English Lake District as a Global Property. In: 2018 US/ICOMOS Symposium "Forward Together: A Culture-Nature Journey Towards More Effective Conservation in a Changing World", November 13-14, 2018, San Francisco, California. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

PART 1. ADOPTING A LANDSCAPE APPROACH - Strategies for Managing Multiple Values of Large Landscapes and Trans-Boundary Sites /// This paper outlines the background to the inscription of the English Lake District as a World Heritage Site and a ‘continuing’ Cultural Landscape by UNESCO in 2017. The opportunities, challenges and potential future benefits of the existing partnership based approach to site management are explored, so too the origins of the disconnect in the recent historical management of natural, cultural and landscape assets. This paper describes how this disconnect is now being recognised and addressed by partners through the development of a GIS based toolkit which brings partners together to harmonize their ambitions for the management and care of all types of natural and cultural assets at a catchment or landscape scale. The paper concludes with a short case study looking how through the adoption of a multi-disciplinary partnership based approach, significant landscape scale interventions can be undertaken within sensitive cultural landscapes which retains cultural and landscape significance, while also securing benefits for nature and local communities.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Lund, Jamie
Languages: English
Keywords: Cultural landscapes; nature culture integration; world heritage; conservation of cultural landscapes; natural heritage; cultural heritage; world heritage sites; nominations; community participation; local communities; management; values; cultural significance; national parks; partnership; land management; UK; United Kingdom
Subjects: E. CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 06. Cultural Landscapes
H. HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 06. Cultural landscapes
H. HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 18. Mixed sites
H. HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 19. Natural sites
M. WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 02. World Cultural and Natural Heritage
M. WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 09. Nomination file
Name of monument, town, site, museum: The English Lake District, UK
UNESCO WHC Number: 422rev
National Committee: United States of America
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2018 US/ICOMOS Symposium
Depositing User: ICOMOS DocCentre
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2020 15:47
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2020 15:47
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Properties – A publication of the International Council on Sites and Monuments’. https://

ICOMOS. 2017. Advisory Body Evaluation (English Lake District).


Philips, A & Young, C. 2017. Culture and Nature – two sides of the same World Heritage coin, in Larwood, J, France, S, & Mahon, C. (eds). Culturally Natural or Naturally Cultural? –

Exploring the relationships between nature and culture through World Heritage. ICUN National Committee (UK).

Philips, A. 2018. 50 Years of Tribal Warfare – Reflections on a career with the rival factions of landscape protection and nature conservation. ECOS 39 (2) British Association of nature Conservationists.

Lake District National Park Partnership. 2015. Nomination of the English Lake District for inclusion on the World Heritage List (Volume 1). Cumbria: Lake District National Park Partnership.

Lake District National Park. 2018. ‘Heritage assessment and information requirements – what are they and what do I need to do’. Lake District National Park.

UK Metrological Office. UK Climate Extremes 2018.


UNESCO. 1972 (2017). Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage. Paris: Unites National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

UNESCO. 1972 (2017). Operational Guidelines for the Implementation of the World Heritage Convention. Paris: Unites National Educational, Scientific and Cultural

Organization, World Heritage Centre.

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