Cultural route and the heritage management challenge: The Klondike Gold Rush: A case study

Masson, Guy (2005) Cultural route and the heritage management challenge: The Klondike Gold Rush: A case study. In: 15th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Monuments and sites in their setting - conserving cultural heritage in changing townscapes and landscapes’, 17 – 21 oct 2005, Xi'an, China. [Conference or Workshop Item]


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Abstract (in English)

Canada’s cultural routes are diverse in nature. Upon the discovery of gold in 1896-98, the Klondike Gold Rush began. It captured the imagination of the world. The gold seekers struggled over the Chilkoot Trail a traditional aboriginal travel trail and in the Yukon Territory challenging landscape. Thousands of gold seekers had in few months interacted and transformed the natural landscape into a 600 km cultural route composed of stop-places, camps, goldfields and development of a boomtown. Today, that memorable cultural route contains several national historic sites of Canada commemorating the Chilkoot Trail, the discovery of gold, its associative technologies and transportation systems. Ensuring commemorative integrity of those sites becomes the primary priority for development of management plans. More, as outstanding example of a landscape which illustrate exceptional adaptation and innovation by First Nations people (criteria iv) and outstanding example of landscape mining (criteria v), the Klondike is part of Canada’s Tentative List for World Heritage Site. This paper will focus on what is nationally significant about those sites, their heritage values and character defining elements, their holistic inter-relation with the modified setting and the cultural route as a whole. It will also focus on a management mechanism of conservation and presentation for the resources that symbolize the national significance and approach to maintain the cultural route integrity and authenticity.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Masson, Guy
Languages: English
Keywords: cultural route; conservation; management; cultural landscape; heritage values; authenticity; integrity; tentative list; World Heritage List
Subjects: M.WORLD HERITAGE CONVENTION > 11. Tentative list
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 07. Cultural routes
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Klondike Gold Rush, Canada
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2005, 15th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2010 11:54
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:15
References: 1. International Committee on Cultural Routes, Definitions, and Ideas for the drafting of an international Charter on Cultural Routes, CIIC, June 2005

2. Guidelines on the Inscription of specific types of properties on the World Heritage List,Chilkoot Trail NHSC Management Plan, Parks Canada, 1999

3. Parks Canada Cultural Resources Management Policy, 1994

4. Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada, 2004,

5. Canada’s Tentative List for World Heritage Sites, Parks Canada Website: (

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