Genius loci and Homo Faber: A heritage-making dilemma

Markeviciene, Jurate (2008) Genius loci and Homo Faber: A heritage-making dilemma. In: 16th ICOMOS General Assembly and International Symposium: ‘Finding the spirit of place – between the tangible and the intangible’, 29 sept – 4 oct 2008, Quebec, Canada. [Conference or Workshop Item]


Download (156kB)

Abstract (in English)

The paper analyses possibilities to create or re-create a spirit of the place, defining a human habitat as a socio-cultural rhizome, and a genius loci – as an intangible quality of a material site, perceived both physically and spiritually. It identifies such sites as mediators and media of societal interactions. Integrity, complementarity, continuity, a touch of eternity, nonevidence, and being both a reality and an entity are identified as their basic qualities. In this context heritage conservation is analyzed vs continuity as arborescent vs rhizomatic approach, by comparing their attributes and qualities. As regards a heritage-making dilemma, it states that due to on-going cultural shift in interactions with history, reconstructions gain in popularity, but genius loci sites cannot be created or re-created intentionally, because they are happenings, and not creations. The final conclusion is that heritage conservation cannot substitute sustenance of traditional habitats, but it plays a crucial role in safeguarding tangible heritage and this way becomes a cradle for emerging future traditions.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Markeviciene, Jurate
Languages: English
Keywords: genius loci; spirit of place; conservation; intangible heritage
Subjects: E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 02. Theory and doctrinal texts
O.INTANGIBLE HERITAGE > 01. Generalities
A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 02. Concept and definition
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2008, 16th
Depositing User: Jose Garcia
Date Deposited: 09 Sep 2010 11:25
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2011 19:12
References: Arntzen, Sven. 2002. Cultural Landscape and Approaches to Nature - Ecophilosophical Perspectives. In Place and Location, vol. 2. Eds. Virve Sarapik, Kadri Tuur, Mari Laanemets. Tallin: Eesti Kunstiakademia.

Berleant, Arnold. 2002. Notes for a Cultural Aesthetic. In Place and Location. In Place and Location, vol. 2. Eds. Virve Sarapik, Kadri Tuur, Mari Laanemets. Tallin: Eesti


Best, Stephen and Douglas Kellner. 1991. Postmodern Theory. Critical Interrogations. New York: Guilford Press.

Calvino, Italo. 1974. Invisible Cities. Bungey, Suffolk: Ricard Clay (The Chauser Press).

Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (Faro Convention). 2005. Available from

Deleuze, Gilles, and Felix Guattari. 1987. A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Translated by Brain Massumi. Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota Press. Quoted in Wray, Stefan. Rhyzomatic papers. Available from; accessed 23 February 2008.

Edroma, Eric L. 2001. The Notion of Integrity for Natural Properties and Cultural Landscapes. In Authenticity and Integrity in an African Context. Expert Meeting - Great Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe. Ed. Galia Saouma-Forero. UNESCO: CRATerre.

INTBAU Charter on Traditional Building, Architecture and Urbanism. 2001. Available from

INTBAU Venice Declaration on the Conservation of Monuments and Sites in the 21st Century. 2007. Available from

International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration of Monuments and Sites (The Venice Charter). 1964. Available from

Markeviciene, Jurate. 2002. Sustainability: Necessity, Ideal Morality, or Natural Phenomenon? In Geografija No.38 (1). Vilnius: Academy of Sciences of Lithuania Press.

Markeviciene, Jurate. 2006. Kult_ros paveldo samprata tarptautin_je teis_je: nuo Venecijos chartijos iki Europos Tarybos pagrindin_s konvencijos d_l kult_ros paveldo vert_s

visuomenei. In Kult_ros paveldas ir visuomen_ XXI a,nacionaliniai ir tarptautiniai aspektai. Ed. ICOMOS Lithuania. Vilnius: Vilniaus Academy of Fine Arts Press.

Naess, Arne. 2005. Reflections on Gestalt Ontology. The Trumpeter. Vol. 21, No 1 (2005): 119-28. Available from Accessed 21 October 21 2007.

Nara Document on Authenticity. 1994. Available from

Randviir, Anti. 2002. Space and Place as Substrates of Culture. In Place and Location. In Place and Location, vol. 2. Eds. Virve Sarapik, Kadri Tuur, Mari Laanemets. Tallin: Eesti Kunstiakademia.

Urry, John. 2002. The Tourist Gaze. 2nd. ed. London: Sage.

Zubiri, Xavier. 1980. Inteligencia y realidad. Madrid: Alianza Editorial/Sociedad de Estudios y Publicaciones, 226. Quoted in Fowler, Thomas B. Xavier Zubiri's Critique of Classical Philosophy. In Comparative Philosophy: Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy. Boston: Massachusetts. Available from; accessed at 26 January 2007.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item



Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics