Adaptive re-use of historic building and community development: the case of Mikindani Old Boma - Tanzania

Kigadye, Fabian S. (2012) Adaptive re-use of historic building and community development: the case of Mikindani Old Boma - Tanzania. In: ICOMOS 17th General Assembly, 2011-11-27 / 2011-12-02, Paris, France. [Conference or Workshop Item]

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Abstract (in English)

Mikindani is a fascinating old town in Southern part of Tanzania with winding streets and an interesting blend of thatched mud houses and coral stones influenced by foreign architecture. Mikindani was an important trading centre as far back as the 15th century and the famous explorer David Livingstone quoted it in his diaries as being "the finest port on the coast". Since then its fortunes have fluctuated but it still reflects its multicultural Arabic, African and European history. The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, entered in an agreement with the British Non Government Organization “Trade Aid” on leasing of a historic building famously known as “Old Boma”* to be used for community development projects. In the year 1996, the building was a derelict ruin and within the collaboration of the Government and Trade Aid, the building has been restored into a comfortable hotel with modern facilities, while retaining its original features and charm. This hotel has created full time jobs and is an important training ground for a wide variety of jobs associated with the hotel industry, tour guide and community developments and has provided income for local fishermen, farmers and other traders. Moreover, it has attracted stream of visitors to the town and investments related to tourism industry in the town. Its restoration has accelerated the rehabilitation of other historic building and hence the town has rejuvenated. The built heritage of this historic town has been a catalyst for its development.

Mikindani est une ville historique du sud de la Tanzanie fascinante, avec ses rues tortueuses et son intéressante combinaison de chaumières en terre et pierre de corail, résultat de l’influence des différentes architectures étrangères. Mikindani était au XVème siècle un important pôle commercial. Le fameux explorateur Livingstone l’a même décrit dans son journal comme « le plus beau port de la côte ». Depuis cette époque, la ville a connu diverses fortunes mais elle reflète toujours une histoire multiculturelle mêlée d’influences arabes, africaines et européennes. Le gouvernement de la République unie de Tanzanie a passé un accord avec l’organisation non-gouvernementale britannique Trade Aid pour l’affermage d’un bâtiment historique célèbre, l’Old Boma, visant à le réutiliser pour des projets développement local. En 1996, le bâtiment n’était plus qu’une ruine, mais grâce à la collaboration entre le gouvernement et Trade Aid, il a pu faire l’objet d’une restauration et a ainsi été transformé en agréable hôtel moderne, tout en conservant ses caractéristiques et son charme originels. La reconversion en hôtel a permis la création d’emplois à temps plein, et le site constitue un terrain de formation adéquat pour toute une palette de métiers liés à l’industrie hôtelière, aux visites guidées ou au développement local, et a ainsi induit des revenus pour les pêcheurs, agriculteurs et autres commerçants de la région. Il a permis d’attirer des flots de visiteurs dans le centre historique, ainsi que des investissements pour les infrastructures touristiques de la ville. Sa restauration a permis d’accélérer les processus de réhabilitation d’autres bâtiments historiques, contribuant ainsi au rajeunissement la ville. Le patrimoine bâti de Mikindani a ainsi servi de véritable vecteur de développement.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
Kigadye, Fabian S.kigadye@yahoo.com
Languages: English
Keywords: Buildings; Restaoration; Historic landscapes; Towns; Traditional architecture; Preservation ; Cultural heritage; Old town; Stones; Streets; Houses; Architecture; Development; Projects; Built heritage; Mikindani; Tanzania
Subjects: A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 07. History of conservation
C.ARCHITECTURE > 03. Styles of architecture
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 01. Generalities
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 12. Historic towns and villages
J.HERITAGE ECONOMICS > 05. Heritage and sustainable development
P.GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 02. Africa
Name of monument, town, site, museum: Old Bama building, Mikindani, Tanzania
ICOMOS Special Collection: Scientific Symposium (ICOMOS General Assemblies)
ICOMOS Special Collection Volume: 2011, 17th
Depositing User: Mrs Lucile Smirnov
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2012 12:46
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2012 12:46
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URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1179

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