AR Architecture Research, Kras 2011
University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (2011) AR Architecture Research, Kras 2011. , XII, 3. 93p . ISSN 1581-6974 [Journal]
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial.
Abstract (in English)
This special issue of AR 2011 3 bears the special stamp of the Karst: it deals primarily with stone. It is primarily devoted to the conference papers of the Karst2011 conference which took place on December 20, 2011 at the Hotel Maestoso in Lipica. The conference was organised as a Promotion of Science by the Slovenian Research Agency (ARRS) within the framework of the Karst2011 project, which is supported by UNESCO, SASA (Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts), the University of Ljubljana, the Mediacarso company and Kras magazine. On the occasion of the proposed establishment of the Dry Stone Wall Organisation of Slovenia, letters of support were received from professional organisations from around the world: The introductory plenary lectures were by Professor Juvanec and Assistant Professor Zupančič. Prof. Borut Juvanec presented an outline of architecture in stone, of the types of constructions for which it can be used and the objects that people have assembled from stone. The title is Stone, the Karst, architecture. Stone is one of the earliest materials to be used by humans in the construction of dwellings. Yet stone structures are not merely dwellings; they can also be sanctuaries, sites of miracles or divination, tombs, traps, practical structures for storing water , improving soil fertility, health, or for protection, even against plague. In the paper A general outline of economics from the viewpoint of inventing spatial forms. Economics is Assistant Prof. Domen Zupančič presents economics as one of the parameters in the construction of stone elements. Economics is more important than is generally believed: it has a particular influence on shaping compositions in stone. An analytical presentation of a structure has to provide a critical assesment so that we can objectively confer it a place in architecture. Lectures: The significance of the Karst for karstology by Prof. Andrej Kranjc, member of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SASA), Ljubljana Prof. Kranjc's lecture is exceptionaly important for presenting issues connected to the Karst. A review of names and identities of the area extends back to pre-historic times, as the Romans, in fact, adopted the exisiting name, Carsus; its first Slovene version dates back to at least the ninth century. Hohenwart (1830) defined the karstic region as extending from the Udine area across the Slovenian Karst, Dalmatia, Herzegovina, Albania to Greece, and ending in Zakintos. The policy of the Karst: landscapes of integration, Dr. Jadran Kale, University of Zadar, City Museum of Šibenik The characteristics of the karst landscape have changed little since the Roman occupation, feudalism and the recent past of enforced industrialism: it is all a matter of stone and economics, the technology of agriculture and animal husbandry. Today, we are witnessing a revitalisation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage, which is why activities regarding the organisation of preservation are so much more important. Prehistoric forts: forms of settlement in the Karst, Prof. Mitja Guštin, University of Primorska, Institute for Mediteranean Heritage Significant information about the number of stone structures in the prehistoric period comes as a surprise: not because of the number of such structures, but because of our ignorance. The walls marking the culture of the former inhabitants are still standing and should, first of all, be presented to a wider public. The methods of using stone for defensive purposes (walls, forts) should be included in a system representing the karstic world as having the oldest stone constructions. Bioclimatic Architecture, the symbiosis between people and water in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Prof. Ahmet Hadrović, Dean, University of Sarajevo, Faculty of Architecture Water is the key element in the symbiosis between people and nature. Architecture enacts this symbiosis. Examples in Herzegovina corroborate this statement. Wells in the Karst: the phenomenon, construction types, forms, Eda Belingar, ZVKDS (Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage), Nova Gorica A review of karstic water wells requires a system involving technological, formal and usage criteria. Wells in the Karst are either open or closed, for private or public use, and their content and ownership are more or less indicated. The Karst in the heart and eyes, Jadran Sterle, RTV Ljubljana The Karst has a particular visual image, in which rustic identity and today's 'urban-rural' culture intertwine, a composition of both. This composition has to provide a higher value. With the aid of today's technologies, we must cultivate it, develop it and above all publicly show it. All factors must be taken into consideration: the virtual and the physical, and the spiritual values of the people who with their way of seeing and feeling continue to enrich this heritage. A presentation must include all these elements. Dry stone wall – a habitat, Dr. Andrej Gogala, Museum of Natural Science of Slovenia An exceptionally interesting presentation of life among the stones as only a dedicated biologist could produce - one who discovers, sees and knows the secrets of life which usually remain hidden from the average person. The presentation of this modest life also illustrates human efforts to survive among the stones from pre-history to the present. Oral traditions about the Karst landscape, Assistant Prof. Katja Hrobat Virloget, University of Primorska, Science and Research Centre (ZRS) There is an important area of human culture which is linked with space (death, for example, is linked with boundaries) which is all too little investigated and known to the public, including researchers. The other world, oak and cadastral boundaries, bear witness to this fact. An example is Baba, a figure from the karstic world, who is also an archaic pan-European mythical figure. Creating Karst cultural heritage between theory and practice, Dr. Jasna Fakin Bajec, Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (ZRC SAZU) Understanding cultural heritage also involves the significance of preserving and protecting cultural artefacts of our forebears. Solitary rocks in the popular tradition of Lokev, Boris Čok, master builder of dry stone walling, Lokev Solitary rocks are particularly shaped stones or stone structures whose shapes have prompted people to adopt them and bestow with special characteristics; these may be physical (their extent), mythical, quite practical (water, survival) or merely visual (height, similarity, form). The values of these characteristics were generated by people, and their understanding of the values represented by shapes, names and beliefs. Around Lokev, evidence for this phenomenon is abundant. The cultural heritage of North Velebit – characteristics, interpretation, models of revitalisation and sustainable use, Rene Lisac, architect, trainee researcher at the University of Zagreb, Faculty of Architecture (Martina Ivanuš, Grga Frangeš) The theoretical system of the culture of North Velebit, with its pastoral life-style and traditional high-mountain architecture is the outcome of a serious scholarly investigation of architecture, ethnology and landscape architecture. Interesting graded transitions are described, which above all define architecture: size, form and details, which are the result of the available materials and environment, as well as people's requirements and skills. The objective of the proposed model is to produce an active system for preserving cultural heritage which will operate harmoniously from interpretation to implementation. Karst2011: the significance of vernacular architecture in training and education, Assistant Prof. Beatriz Tomšič Čerkez, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Education The school system has usually ignored vernacular architecture and never mentions it. Endeavours to present the culture of our forebears should be included throughout the whole of a person's education, from nursery school to university if we wish to keep our culture alive. In the case of stone, the task is simple, as students are exposed to both theory and practice in the natural environment. The Karst2011 project has produced some good results in this context. The Karst and Lipica, Nataša Kolenc, architect, Lipica Stud Farm The Karst and Lipica Stud Farm are linked together by the landscape and karstic phenomena. Hence, issues which at the Stud Farm are additionally linked to economics, tourism and technological processes. The Lipikum Museum adds the cultural component. The Museum is an example of good practice in terms of museology issues, presentations and the arrangement of space. The conference concluded with the adoption of conclusions on the process for establishing the Dry stone Organisation of Slovenia and by setting up the organisation of the Karst2011 project. One of the first sub-projects of Karst2011 will also 'The cultural landscape of the karstic world', a kind of live museum of the karst from the historical perspective from Udine to Zakintos. The current issue mainly contains conference papers. I hope you enjoy them. Editor
|Corporate Authors:||University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture|
|Keywords:||conservation of cultural heritage; architectural heritage; vernacular architecture; earth architecture; stone; dry stone; building techniques; building materials; slovenia|
|Subjects:||A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 11. Theory of architecture
B. ARCHAEOLOGY > 10. Prehistoric site
C.ARCHITECTURE > 03. Styles of architecture
C.ARCHITECTURE > 04. Building materials
C.ARCHITECTURE > 05. Building techniques
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 07. Management
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 09. Social and economic aspects of conservation
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 10. Education and training
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 19. Natural sites
H.HERITAGE TYPOLOGIES > 27. Vernacular architecture
P.GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 05. Europe
|Number of Pages:||93|
|Depositing User:||dr. Domen Zupancic|
|Date Deposited:||21 May 2013 12:47|
|Last Modified:||21 May 2013 12:47|
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