« Le patrimoine martyr », Résurrection des monuments historiques en Europe après 1945 »

DETRY, Nicolas (2014) « Le patrimoine martyr », Résurrection des monuments historiques en Europe après 1945 ». Les Cahiers de la Recherche Architecturale et Urbaine (CRAU) (30-31). pp. 67-89. ISSN 978-2-7577-0379-3 [Article]

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Abstract (in English)

Restoration of historical monuments after 1945 is based on the acceptance or the rejection of the drama of loss. I identified three major periods of restoration in Europe after WWII : 1945-1972 ; 1973-1989 ; 1990-2015. In France, as opposed to Germany or Italy, historiography in architecture still does not deal much with the history of restoration post-bellica, ie with historical monuments destroyed during WWII and progressively restored afterwards. The historiographical task at hand is to study within different contexts (Germany, France, ltaly, ex-Yugoslavia, etc) the practices of restoration once peace is back. Although ferments of restoration (for both works of art and architecture) can be identified, in the current sense of the term, as early as the 1930’s, the discipline is going to mature under the impetus of the immense workshop of post-bellica restoration. Methods, techniques and theories, still valid today, are then produced and applied. My suggestion is that such a workshop can be considered as an European lab within which a kind of «invisible college» is at work, centered around a few major international experts. Architects, historians of art, superintendents, archeologists, natural and social scientists share their experiences and points of view. Research laboratories, universities, museums, churches, international organizations are involved from all over Europe. But Italy is at the heart of the «invisible college».

Item Type: Article
Authors:
AuthorsEmail
DETRY, Nicolasnicolas.detry@gmail.com
Languages: French
Keywords: Restauration Architecturale; Architectural Restoration; Restauration des Monuments Historiques; Restoration of Historical Monuments; Theorie de la restauration; Theory of Restoration; Patrimoine martyr; Patrimoine détruit; Destroyed Heritage; 2ème Guerre Mondiale; World War II; destruction of cultural heritage; cultural significance; values; philosophy of restoration; 20th century; religions; ethnic conflicts; germany; france; italy
Subjects: A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 06. History of architecture
A. THEORETICAL AND GENERAL ASPECTS > 12. Theory of restoration
C.ARCHITECTURE > 05. Building techniques
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 02. Theory and doctrinal texts
E.CONSERVATION AND RESTORATION > 06. Techniques
G.DETERIORATION > 02. Causes of deterioration
G.DETERIORATION > 04. Effects of deterioration
L.PRESENTATION AND TRANSMISSION OF HERITAGE > 04. Public awareness
P.GEOGRAPHIC AREAS > 05. Europe
Number: 30-31
ISSN: 978-2-7577-0379-3
Depositing User: Mr Nicolas DETRY
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2016 10:20
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2016 10:20
URI: http://openarchive.icomos.org/id/eprint/1657

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